FROM PROMISE TO FULFILLMENT, Part 10.


“God causes all things to work together for good”


This is a continuation of the story of Engineer F. M. Perry’s involvement with the construction and start-up operation of The World Christian Broadcasting Corporation’s international short wave radio station at Anchor Point, Alaska.

______________________________________________________________________________


The following long letter report from F. M. to Bob Scott gives a good summary of the construction progress through December 1982 and some of the problems encountered:


“KNLS/WCBC

P O Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

10 December 1982


“Dear Bob,

   

“Here are a few miscellaneous comments I want to share with you - Staff Housing -We should start adding technicians to our staff perhaps as early as February 1983. Housing for them and their families will be a problem. We have sought to minimize the problem by providing the spaces for mobile homes, up to 3, on the radio station site. And we have the"cabin" equipped for a small family and ready now.


“I have discussed the housing situation with Dick Perkins. He advises that Mobile Homes will be the least expensive as far as cash layout. However, he says mobile homes are not as long lasting as houses erected in a permanent way, that is a conventionally constructed house. He has reference to the fact that mobile homes are almost always lighter construction than conventionally constructed houses. And mobile homes are often placed upon inadequate foundations which causes them to deteriorate more rapidly.


“New mobile homes of the type we should have (2 or 3 bedrooms, 1 1/2 to 2 baths) will cost $35,000 to $40,000 new. In addition, it will cost from $5,000 to $10,000 to transport them to the site and to place them on an adequate foundation. This gives an equivalent of a new small home for $40,000 to $50,000.


“A comparable small home, conventionally built, would probably cost $100,000. It would not be limited to the same small square foot area of the mobile home but would probably be a little bigger in floor area.


“We can get good used mobile homes. One or two are generally available in the Kenai Peninsula area according to my reading of the papers. Also, when I was looking for such a home last summer there were at least three available for prices ranging from $18,500 to $22,000. It will cost $5,000 to $10,000 to transport to site and to put them on an adequate foundation. They can be adequately situated on good heavy timber foundations so that they will last almost as long as conventional housing. A good budget for a mobile home will be $30,000. This should get a good used 1976 or later model, insulated, 14' x 60', 2 bedroom or 3 bedroom, 1 1/2 baths, fully equipped kitchen, heating system, and perhaps a wood burning stove in addition. We can form a small team here in Anchor Point to build the foundation and skirt the home.


“Concerning the possibility of building one or more houses on site, a team of carpenters and other craftsmen could be put together here at Anchor point to do that. (Witness our success in doing just that to build the transmitter building.) However, there are some disadvantages. We would have to build more road, in accordance with a new plot plan. We would probably have to have a new well and new septic system with each new home. The homes would have to be placed in the area where the cabin is located. The effort to build new houses would dilute the effort to get the station "on-the-air".


“Other housing in the Anchor Point area is not out of the question. As you know, we are renting a "super" house for $700 per month. I have come to the conclusion that it is a "super" bargain since it has 4 bedrooms, 3 baths, and many other good features. There are no other rental bargains like this, however, and I think we got the bargain only because the owner was in dire straits to get some income to pay his mortgage payments. One or two bedroom cabins with questionable facilities rent for $500 per month. There are not many for rent in the area. I don't know whether we can lease the house for another year or not. The lease will be up next September. The owner would like to sell the house since he has been permanently transferred to Tok, Alaska.


“Attached is the owner's offer to sell the house to us. As you can see, he wants $142,000 for the house and four acres of land. It is probably worth it. However, there are not many buyers who want or who can afford it and he might accept a lower offer.


“Two families could live in the house. There would have to be a degree of togetherness for the two families since the two apartments are connected by an open stairway and the utilities for both apartments is on the lower floor. For instance, the wood heating stove is located on the lower floor but it heats the whole house. Laundry facilities are on the lower floor. The best arrangement would probably be for one family to take the house and then totake roomers or boarders on the lower floor. There are kitchen facilities on the lower floor as well as on the upper floor.


“I think it would be better to buy this house than to attempt to build new houses on our station site. We might try to get a long time rental lease on this house.


“Incidentally, our permanent employees will each have to have a 4 wheel drive vehicle if we expect them to commute to the station. Even if they live on the site, they will need the 4 WD vehicle to leave the hill and to come home. The 4 WD feature is necessary almost every day because it snows often and covers any sand or gravel we might spread on the hill. There have been several days already when 1 could not negotiate the hill even with 4 WD. It rains and melts the snow down to glazed ice that one cannot even walk on. Kevin has been getting up on these days by putting chains on all four wheels of the 4WD truck. Then he has been throwing some sand on the hi11. We are very thankful for 'can do' people like Kevin. We are going to install a CB base station in the transmitter building. Then, employees who cannot get up the hill can call on their own CB's from the bottom of the hill and someone can take the chain equipped 4 WD truck to fetch them from the bottom of the hill. I have purchased a 4 WD Dodge RamCharger 1979 vehicle with only 18, 000 miles on it. It is like new. It is like a 'Blazer' vehicle, a light truck really. I lik it very much but I will want to sell it when I leave Alaska. My Chevy Suburban is sitting in the garage waiting for spring.. Some people get by all winter with regular 2 WD vehicles but they are in jeapardy constantly on these icy roads.


“My advice is to install at least one mobile home at the site so that we can have two families living on the site (one family in cabin and one family in mobile home). Beyond that, you must decide. whether to put in more mobile homes or to buy (or rent) the house I am living in. Of course, we have it until next August 31, 1983 and we would be very hapry to have someone else with us.


“Of course, long term employees might very well want to arrange their own housing, to buy or rent in the area. Housing owned by WCBC might then serve as temporary housing for them while they find their own.


“Drywall work and painting on the interior of the transmitter building will be completed by Monday, Dec. 13. Floor coverings are on order. Pat McMahon found a good deal on Vinyl and Carpet from a firm in Anchorage. We will have Vinyl (beige color) on the workinq area floors and a pretty good commercial carpet (beige color) on the offIces, reception area, employee's lounge, and studios. Lighting fixtures are on order and will be going in soon. Also, we must install fixtures in Ladies and Mens rooms and turn on the water. Connections to water and drains are already made. Beginning next week the only employees will be Kevin, myself, and Tim Splane (@ $5.50 per hour) to help us with odd jobs.


“We are making a barter deal with Paul Roderick. He will buy logs from us @ $63/thousand board feet. He will pick up the logs from the scattered stacks where they lay now in the antenna fields and take them to a central location (the old gravel pit area which we had to fill in). There he will set up a portable sawmill and saw the logs either into lumber (for our fence) or other dimensions suitable for trucking away from the site.


“This is the most we can get for the logs. We have checked throughout the area. We get the added advantage of getting the antenna fields cleaned up so that the logs are out of the way. He will do this work this winter and pullout altogether in the spring. He has already moved many of the logs to the central location.


“Instead of exchanging money, we get a credit for the heavy bulldozer work we will need done in the future. One thing he will do in the near future (this winter) will be to bulldoze the fence line so that fence building can proceed. Also, he will provide the necessary snow removal for the Earth Anchor installation. We agreed with Denali Drilling that we would keep snow out of their way if it gets troublesome during their contract. In the spring we will need more bulldozer work around the transmitter building for landscaping. Also, we will need road maintenance work. Hopefully all of this will be covered by the barter agreement. We will keep careful account of everything and there will be an exchange of money if everything does not come out even. We will probably get all our fence lumber from Paul, to be sawed right on site this winter. We will have to pay him $325/thousand board feet for it. This is a reduction of about $25/thousand from the regular price for such lumber (it normally sells for $350/ thousand).


“We hope to build the fence this winter, speeding up the schedule somewhat. It will be much easier to build the fence while the ground is frozen. We will have to contract for a machine to drill holes for the fence posts.


“We made a deal with Clifford (Bill) Jones to take saw logs and to saw lumber for the fence. We did not give him exclusive rights to thelogs, but wanted him to get busy and saw our fence lumber from the logs. The money involved was the same as the above mentioned deal with Paul Roderick. After working with us for all these months, Bill took it for granted that he had exclusive rights to all of the logs and, apparently, he planned to maKe it his work for the next year or two. This was unfortunate, for our written agreement was clear and we did not ever give him any reason to believe that he could have all the logs. Bill's saw mill broke down and he put it up for sale. Then he put all his bulldozer equipment up for sale. He indicated to us that he would hire someone to move the logs and also hire someone to saw the logs with a portable sawmill. We said OK and we just waited for some action. We had, and still have, several stacks of logs reserved for him. But when Bill heard of the deal we are making with Paul Roderick for the rest of the logs, he got angry and orally informed me that our deal with him is off. After discussing the situation we parted friends (at least seemingly) but he still said that he wanted out of the deal. Bill has had several things to 'hit' him lately (broken leg for his little daughter, his sons whom he counted on to help him with the work do not want to work for him, etc.). I am not yet taking Bill at his word. I wrote him the letter (copy attached) to let him know that he can still salvage the deal if he wants to. But, I doubt that Bill will change his mind. He now tells me he has put his property up for sale. (He wants $120,000 for his cabins and 10 acres. They are worth about half of that. Are we interested in the property?) He is thinking of moving across the Inlet to more remote area to start over.


“Bill is still very angry with Paul Roderick, having told him that he thinks that Paul 'scotched' his possibility of exclusive rights to all our sawlogs. (It is all in Bill's imagination.)


“I don't tell you these things to worry you. But, you should be aware of some of the little difficulties we have from day to day.

“God is blessing the work. Otherwise many of the problems would not have been resolved. But all the problems have been, or are being, resolved and we are on schedule at present.


“Love, F. M.”

____________________________________________


As this is being written in 2006, F. M. does not remember exactly when the FCC gave WCBC the call letters “KNLS” for the Alaska station. However, it is noticed that the call letters were being used in correspondence during December 1982. He does remember that when he first heard the call letters KNLS, someone was already calling it the “New Life Station.” And he remembers that he first heard the station called “the King’s New Life Station” by Board Chairman Charles Whittle.


January 1983 -


Another long letter from F. M. to Bob Scott gives F. M.’s thinking concerning future management and personnel for KNLS after it comes regularly on-the-air.


"KNLS/WCBC

P O Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

26 Jan 1993


"Dear Bob:


"Subject: Personnel to man KNLS


"I will outline my thinking to you concerning personnel: number, type, qualifications, wages, etc. to staff KNLS during the first period during which we will be on-the-air 12 hours per day.


"First I made out a possible work schedule for a typical week of station operation. Some criteria we must consider are as follows:


"1. The FCC licensed engineer responsible for the transmitter operation should arrive at work 1 to 1 1/2 hours ahea1 of 'sign-on' time. Also, a licensed engineer should remain on duty for about 1 hour after 'sign-off' time in or1er to shut down the station properly. Therefore two shifts will be required during the on the-air time each day, requiring two licensed engineers (One engineer cannot be expected to work 14 or 15 hours in one day.)


"2. For safety reasons there should always be at least two people on duty in the transmitter building during the 12 hours ‘on-the -air’ each day. Therefore two additional people will be required to work at the same time as the engineers each day. These people will be Program Technicians (no license required) serving as 'tape jockeys' operating the tape machines and doing a variety of other jobs .


"3. The above described four people can serve for 5 days each week (assuming 40 hour work weeks, 8 hours per day for each employee) Therefore, two additional engineers and two additional program technicians will be required to keep the station on-the-air during week ends (2 days per week). These four people will complete their 40 hour work weeks by working 3 days per week on other shifts doing maintenance and other jobs. A total of 4 engineers and 4 operations people (program technicians) will be required for a full 7 day week.


"4. Additional engineers and operations people will be needed to take shifts when one or more of the above people take vacations, holidays, or when they are ill. The engineer shifts could be filled-in by the Chief Engineer or the Station General Manaqer who should not normally have to work on-the-air shifts. One additional employee would be needed to fill in for program technicians on -the-air shifts. This makes a total of eleven employees reporting as shown in diagram below:


"Station General Manager

Chief Engineer

Program Program Program Program Program Engineer Engineer Engineer Engineer

Tech. Tech. Tech. Tech. Tech


"The attached chart shows a typical week of shifts for the entire staff.


"Also attached is a tentative list of tasks that will have to be accomplished by this staff regularly each day or on a repetitive basis from time to time.


"In arriving at salary recommendations for the staff I have perused the salary survey for broadcasters in the October 1982 issue of Broadcast Engineering, some salary data from the State of Alaska, and my own personal observations for jobs on the Kenai peninsula. I have concluded that reasonable median salaries for our jobs should be about the same as the median salar1es for similar jobs in the combined radio-television industry in the lower 48 states. The salary survey shows the higher salaries in the television industry. The lower salaries are in the AM and FM radio broadcast stations. However, I feel that our jobs in a rather special short wave station in Alaska will require higher grade personnel than jobs in the radio broadcast stations in the lower 48. But I am not recommending that our median salaries be as high as those in the TV stations of the lower 48.


"For our three categories of personnel I recommend the following salary ranges:


                                                                 High Median Low


     Station General Manager (1) $42,375/yr $33,900/yr $24,425/yr

                                                                  3,53l/mo 2,825/mo 2,1l8/mo


     Engineers (5) $31,725/yr $25,300/yr $l8,975/yr

                                                                  2,635/mo 2,108/mo 1,581/mo


     Program Technicians (5) $26,562/yr $2l,250/yr $15,937/yr

                                                                  2,2l3/mo 1,770/mo l,328/mo


"I have not compared these recommendations with the salaries paid at KGEI. I suspect these are higher than those pa1d by KGEI.


"New employees should be offered salaries within our ranges in accordance with their experience and training. Hopefully, we can find people who can start low in the ranges and grow with us. Of course, actual salaries paid will in some cases be lower because of an appl1cant's willingness to work for less. Hopefully, we will be able to find church congregations willing to support people as special missionaries within these salary ranges.


"We may be able to fill some of our Jobs with student interns or other inexperienced people willing to serve as apprentices. These people should be paid from $4.50 to $5.50 per hour until such time that they have sufficient experience to enter the regular salary ranges.


"I suggest we offer the following fringe benefits (in addition to the above salaries):


"Partially paid medical insurance.

Partially pa1d life 1nsurance.

Partially paid pension plan (for employees with 1 year or more of service).

Paid vacation 2 weeks with a 3rd week after 4 or 5 years.

Paid sick leave up to 3 weeks only when actually sick (additional sick leave at the discretion of WCBC President).

Relocation expenses on individual basis at discretion of President.

If fully paid employees utilize WCBC owned housing, a rental charge should be made.


"Concerning possible staff members to fill the Engineer positions I plan to write to the following people who have sent inquiries:


     Paul Folmsbee, Texas, has FCC license.

     Wayne Alsabrook, student.

     Kevin B. Cave, student, has FCC license.

     Gerald R. Brook, Kenai, Alaska, has FCC license.

     Kevin C. Potter, California, has FCC license.

     Henry W. Haney, Kenai, Alaska, has FCC license.


"I will also contact Herbert Peterson, retired Electronics engineer in Washington, DC.


"It looks like we have a good chance to get Lavoy Hooker , Ken Kretzer, and Vic Hall at least for a number of months each. They all have FCC licenses. I'm optimistic about finding a good staff. But we don’t have much time to find them.


"Best wishes,

F. M. Perry."

______________________________________________


Tasks to be Accomplished at KNLS (Tentative).


Technical.


Transmitter Maintenance (preventive).


Routine cleaning of transmitter.

Maintenance of air cooling system.

Maintenance of steam cooling system.

Periodic replacement of certain components.

Records of normal meter readings.

Logs of operational meter readings/hours of operation.

Logs of routine and special maintenance.

Set up frequency channels at start of each broadcast season.

Build and install audio production facilities.


Transmitter Maintenance (repair).


Troubleshooting of transmitter system.

Replacement of faulty components.

Repair of circuit boards.

Routine maintenance of RF switches and indoor Xmission lines (inspection,

     cleaning).

Troubleshooting of RF switches and indoor Xmission lines, repair as

     necessary).

Routine maintenance of air duct system in building, both Xmtr ducts and

     furnace ducts (cleaning, inspection).

Routine maintenance of furnaces in building (cleaning, inspection, periodic

     replacement of filters, ordering of fuel oil).

Logs of all above routine maintenance and troubleshooting/hours of operation

     & date.

Troubleshooting of furnace system.

Routine maintenance of outdoor transmission lines, logs of inspections (look

     for broken insulators, evidence of arcs, etc.).

Repair of outdoor transmission lines.

Routine maintenance of antennas and slewing switch.

Periodic records of meter readings.

Tower light inspections.

Slewing switch inspections.

Maintenance of fire fighting equipment.

Maintenance of antenna fields, cutting or killing of grass, prevention of field fires.

Repair of antenna system, slewing switch.

Replacement of bulbs in tower lighting.

Inspection of towers & guys, grounding system. Logs of all periodic inspections

Repair of fence.

Routine maintenance of vehicles, logs of same.

Responsibility for vehicle repair, replacement of tires, etc.

Reports and files for all above equipment & maintenance.

Routine maintenance of diesel engine-generator, fuel oil, battery, battery charger.

Repair of engine generator as required.

Plowing of snow as necessary, maintenance of roads (especially the hill, spread sand and gravel on icy hill, etc).

Routine maintenance, janitor work, cleaning, etc of WCBC owned buildings.

Repair of WCBC owned buildings.


Transmitter on-air duties.


Bring transmitter on-air at start of broadcast day. Entails channel selection, power switching sequence, setting of proper position for RF switches & slewing switch, loading into dummy load, transmitter check before going on air, preparation of dummy load, preheating of dummy load room, opening of vents, etc.


Loading into antenna at precise time (WWVA coordinated).

Check-out of all meter readings, transmission lines, and antennas.

Start of modulation, check out of audio equipment.

Check-out of steam cooling system (level and quality of water).

Monitor and record frequency & modulation, adjust as necessary. Keep on FCC assigned frequency/hour schedule.

Continue to monitor all equipment periodically while on-air. Keep logs.

Make frequency changes according to FCC schedule. Coordinate with WWVA time.

Make RF switch (antenna) changes and slewing switch changes according to FCC schedule . Coordinate changes with WWVA time signals.

Shut down transmitter in proper sequence at end of broadcast day.

Set up transmitter, switches, etc. for start of next broadcast day.

Routine maintenance of audio equipment, control consoles, test equipment,

     keep logs of all maintenance/hours of operation.

Trouble shooting and repair of audio and console equipment.


Transmitter on-air duties (Tape-Jockey duties).


Load tape machines, prepare for machine changeover at conclusion of tapes.

Operate tape machines and switching console to put tape material into audio

     system to modulate transmitter.

Rewind tapes after use.

Energize and monitor all audio processing equipment.

Keep logs as applicable.


Programming Duties.


Receiving, data logging, and filing program tapes.

Acknowledgment of receipt of tapes to various sources.

Technical checking and monitoring of tapes before filing for use on-air (check winding, start cue, stop cue, rewind as necessary, check quality, sound level, etc. Log all information for every tape.

Correspond with Program Director (John Fisk) as necessary to notify of "holes”in programming, problems with tapes, arrange shipping and receiving.

Pick-up tapes at shipping terminals or post office.

File tapes in programming sequence for each day's broa1casts (30 days in advance).

Arrange proper notations for repeating tapes.

Log exact time and circumstances of each tapes airing and repeat airing.

Collect tapes after airing. Check for proper wind. File or return tapes to

     source.

Packing, shipping, mailing and correspondence involving same.

Collection, preparation, marking, filing of emergency program material (disc

     transcriptions, tapes).

Prepare daily program schedules .

Place daily tapes in sequence at convenient location for use of operator.

Miscellaneous work on grounds, landscaping, cultivating grass. Preparation of walkways to parking, cabin, & mobile homes. On-going maintenance of

    grounds.


Administration.


Payroll and personnel procedures, hiring, etc.

Financial accounting.

Administration of local bank account, payment of bills, disbursing of funds.

Contracts, agreements, charge accounts, etc.

Correspondence, reports, billing for programs aired, typing, filing, purchasing, receiving, shipping, interviewing, greeting visitors, arranging quarters and meals for visitors and volunteers.. Assignment of tasks to volunteers.

Arranging road maintenance, other contracts.


Propagation analyses, 4 times per year, 6 months ahead.

FCC frequency/time reports and requests.

Planning for future station expansion.

Managing expansion projects.

Backscatter measurements & analyses of polar propagation. Liaison with Univ. of Alaska, decisions concerning usefulness of 0 degree azimuth antenna to Europe.

Planning and administration of student internship program.

Publicity material, pictures, movies, reports, etc.


Program Production (“Good News in Song,” and “Daily Bible Reading”).


Find sources for a capella singing.

Choose songs for each daily program.

Write daily program commentary (basic principles of Christianity as illustrated in songs).

Record songs, record voice commentary, combine into finished daily programs.

Record voice tracks, announcements and theme music for daily Bible reading program. Combine tracks into finished daily programs.


FMP l/27/83

________________________________________________

 

The last letter to Dr. Hunsucker at the University of Alaska found him on sabbatical leave in New Jersey. F. M. had asked Dr. Hunsucker if he could furnish WCBC with a “rule of thumb” which we might use in determining viable frequencies for broadcasting to the north through the aurora. His answer is quoted below:


“1114 Hwy 28, TR 23

Somerville, N. J. 08876

Dec. 29, `1982.


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering, KNLS

P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556


“Dear Sir,


“I was delighted to hear that you are progressing in your plans to put KNLS “on-the-air” from the Homer area in 1983. Your frequency management plan looks quite adequate for the mid latitude paths, but as you point out, the transmission on 360 degrees and at times on 330 degrees will be strongly affected by auroral ionosphere disturbances. The “HFMUFES3" program is one of the better ones for mid-latitudes but as far as I know, does not include high latitude effects.


“Based on my past twenty five years work in high-latitude ionospheric and HF propagation research, I think that I can develop some “rules of thumb” which could then be applied to your “HFMUFES3" predictions to give realistic HF FOT’s. These results would have to include auroral absorption, auroral sporatic E and polar F-region ionization depletions - so it is a fairly complex problem if a complete solution is required. I am sure, however, we can improve your mid-latitude 'type' predicted FOT’s.


“I estimate that it would take approximately eight hours of my time at $75/hour. (My regular rate is $100/hour now) to prepare this information for you.


“During the period Sept. 15, 1982 through June 30, 1983 I am on sabbatical leave from the University of Alaska and I am spending this time as a 'resident visitor' at Bell Labs. Murray Hill, N. J. It is an exciting place to work and I am really benefitting from the experience.


“Please let me know if I can help you on this project.


“Sincerely,


“Robert D. Hunsucker, PhD.”

_______________________________________________


F. M. answered Dr. Hunsucker’s letter as follows:


"Please reply to:

P O Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

29 January 1983


"Dr. Robert Hunsucker

1115 Hwy 28, TR 23

Somerville, New Jersey 08876


"Dear Dr. Hunsucker:


"Thank you for your letter of December 29, 1982 and your offer to develop some 'rules of thumb' which can be applied to our 'HFMUFEP3' predictions to improve our FOT's. We would like very much for you to proceed to develop this information for us as soon as you have time.


"It was not clear from your letter whether or not you will be able to do this work while you are in New Jersey before you return to Alaska. If you can give time to this problem right away, we would very much appreciate it.


"You indicated the work would take approximately eight hours at $75 per hour. This rate for your time is very generous of you. We will forward a check to you as soon as you desire us to do so.


"After we get our transmitter on-the-air we hope to develop the necessary equipment system to use it for back-scatter measurements along our propagation paths. We have heard that other short wave radio stations are using back-scatter measurements to confirm that their signals actually are reaching the desired zones of reception. Perhaps you can give us some guidance on how to set up for such back-scatter measurements. Would you or others at the University of Alaska be interested in backscatter data that might be forthcoming from the use of our transmitter/antenna system?


"Sincerely,


"Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering." 

_________________________________________________


Sometime in January F. M. and Kevin Chambers made a trip to the “lower 48" to visit the Harris Corporation where the WCBC 100,000 watt transmitter was being manufactured.


SMOKE IS BILLOWING OUT OF THE WCBC BUILDING”


On Monday morning January 31, 1983 at 7:55 AM as F. M. prepared to leave home for the station site, the phone rang. “Smoke is billowing out of the WCBC building,” reported Norman Lowell Smith. F. M. dialed 911 and gave directions for firefighters to reach the building.


Before the fire the building had been virtually completed. But no electronic equipment had been installed as yet. As result of the fire there was a room sized hole in the side of the building. The floor under the studio and the transmitter control areas was collapsing. A number of the roof trusses were destroyed and the roof was sagging. The carpet recently installed was ruined as was the wall finish throughout the building. It took a few days to determine the extent of the damage.


February 1983 -

    

The story of the fire is best told in F. M.’s report to the WCBC Board of Directors:


"P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

10 February 1983


"To the WCBC Board of Directors:


"On Monday morning, Jan 31, at 7:55 A M as I prepared to leave home for the station site the phone rang. "Smoke is billowing out of the WCBC building," reported Norman Lowell Smith. I dialed 911 and gave directions for firefighters to reach the building.


“Also at 7:55 AM Kevin Chambers was already driving up the access road to the building. Just in front of him were Bill Sommerville and Mark Maslonka, two men on the earth anchor drilling crew. These three men along with Norman Lowell Smith were the first to arrive on the scene. Kevin, Norman, and Bill crawled into the burning building under the dense smoke and flame, located the fire extinguishers, and connected a garden hose to the water system in the utility room. Fire was mostly visible on one of the outside walls where a gaping hole was rapidly developing. They directed the fire extinguishers and water from the garden hose on the burning side of the building.


"When the Anchor Point volunteer firemen arrived, the lower part of the blaze was already out. The firemen directed their efforts to extinguishing the blaze that had spread to the attic. About this time, as I arrived, a small army of friends arrived to help fight the blaze. Jim Dillinger had spread the word by telephone.


"By 10 AM only a few wisps of dying smoke remained. We stepped back to survey the damage. There is a room size hole in the side of the building. The floor under the studio and transmitter control areas is collapsing. A number of the roof trusses are destroyed and the center of the roof is sagging.


"We suddenly realized how attached we had become to this building. We had built it from the ground up in a spot that had recently been dense forest. It had been so new and clean. Only a few days before Kevin had completed the water system and we finally had indoor p1umbing. We had just decided to get a commercial type vacuum cleaner to keep the new carpets clean. Now the carpets were ruined. We felt crushed! On Tuesday morning Kevin and I confided to each other that we had not even wanted to get out of bed!


"But we did get up and go back. And as the days have gone by and many prayers have been directed to our Father in our behalf, we have regained our optimism. We must expect difficulties as we allow the Father to use us in a purpose as great as this. Has not 'Satan who deceives the whole world....been thrown down to earth, and his angels. ...with him'? Does he not have 'great wrath, knowing he has only a short time'? But 'the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come,' and there is an angel 'flying in mid heaven, having an eternal gospel to preach to those who live on earth, and to every nation and tribe and tongue and people.' International short wave radio is one medium that literally can reach 'every nation and tribe and tongue and people.' I thank God for the privilege of working with you 'to preach an eternal gospel to those who live on earth.'


"By February 14 we expect to have a contractor at work restoring the building. Restoration should be complete by March 25, 1983. The completed transmitter, now waiting in storage in Quincy, Illinois, will arrive then and installation of the transmitter will start.


"On the antenna fields, the earth anchors and tower foundations are finally complete. At this moment the two towers for the log periodic antenna are going up and will be complete by the time you read this. The RF transmission line poles are all set in place. Today, Kevin Chambers and Dick Ragland are surveying the fence line around the property, setting pins with brightly colored ribbons to mark each fence post location. A portable sawmill has been set up beside our log decks and lumber is being sawed for the fence.


“Since the fire we have installed flood lights to illuminate much of the area, especially the area between the building and the antennas. We have employed security guards to patrol the grounds throughout each night. The guards have CB radio for communication and a telephone in the building as well. They are instructed to simply call for help should there be a difficulty at the station site.


"The Alaska State Troopers are continuing their investigation into the cause of the fire (believed to be arson) and into the acts of vandalism which have damaged some contractor equipment. We believe the difficulties have been caused by a single individual and that he will be apprehended soon. The people of the community are sympathetic. Several people have come forward to say that they were formerly against the station but no longer are they against it.


"I commend for your recognition Kevin Chambers. He started full time work with us last July 1. Without his help we could not have reached our present stage of progress. For the Lord's sake he is fully dedicated to this work.


"Sincerely,

 

"Francis M. Perry."

_________________________________________________


The fire was reported immediately to the FCC as follows:


"LAW OFFICES

FISHER, WAYLAND, COOPER AND LEADER

1100 CONNECTICUT AVENUE, N. W.

February 4, 1983


"William J. Tricarico, Secretary

Federal Communications Commission

1919 M Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20554


"Re: International Broadcast Station KNLS, Anchor Point, Alaska

FCC File No. BPIB-811023-MI


"Dear Mr. Tricarico:


"On behalf of our client World Christian Broadcasting Corporation, permittee of the above-referenced station, we wish to advise the Commission that a fire of suspicious origin occurred at the Anchor Point site on February 1, 1983. One portion of the studio-transmitter building sustained damages estimated at $100,000. The loss was fully insured. The origin of the fire is being investigated by local and state police.


"At the time of the fire, the building was completed and ready to receive the transmitter. Shipment of the transmitter and associated equipment to the site will now by delayed for approximately one month until the reconstruction of the affected portion of the building is nearly complete.


"Construction on the antenna field is proceeding on schedule. World Christian believes that a July air date for program tests is still attainable.


"Very truly yours,


"Larry A. Blosser


"cc: Mr. Charles H. Breig, FCC."

_________________________________________________________


"LAW OFFICES

FISHER, WAYLAND, COOPER AND LEADER

February 4, 1983


"Robert E. Scott, Ed.D, President

World Christian Broadcasting Corporation

P.O. Box 3857

301 South Pioneer Drive, Suite 103

Abilene, Texas 79604


"Dear Dr. Scott:


"Enclosed is a copy of our letter advising the Commission of the fire at Anchor Point. In reviewing our files, I noticed that the construction permit expires on May 13, 1983. The FCC rules require that an application for extension of a construction permit be filed at least thirty days in advance of the expiration date. I suggest that we reexamine the construction situation the first week in April and assess whether an extension of time will be required.


"When we spoke yesterday, you asked whether and under what conditions the FBI would investigate arson or similar incidents at broadcast stations. We understand that the FBI has discretion under Title XI of the Organized Crime Control Act (Chapter 40, Title 18 United States Code) to investigate all bombings or bomb threats against property used in or affecting interstate commerce. 'Interstate commerce' includes all broadcast stations. The Treasury Department's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms can also investigate accidents or fires where explosives may have been used. Should either a bombing or a bomb threat occur, your personnel should notify the local authorities and nearest FBI field office.


"Federal jurisdiction over arson not involving explosives and acts of vandalism affecting broadcast station facilities is much more limited. Only those stations which are control stations or key stations in the Emergency Broadcast System are within the FBI's jurisdiction. International broadcast station do not appear to be within the FBI's jurisdiction except in the case of bombings and bomb threats.


"Please keep us advised of any further developments of significance at the station.


"Very truly yours,


"Larry A. Blosser

cc: F. M. Perry."

_____________________________________________________


Here are copies of some local newspaper articles about the fire:


   




knlsbook,part10.gif

 



knlsbook,part101.gif



The following correspondence tells the story of WCBC’s recovery from the schedule “set back” caused by the arsonist’s fire and vandalism done to Contractor Paul Rodericks’s tractor. The first letter below is F. M.’s letter to the insurance adjuster about placing a contract to refurbish the transmitter/studio building:


"Please reply to:

P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

14 February 1983


"Mr. D. T. Keenan, General Adjuster

GAB Business Services Inc.

P. O. Box 4-1961

Anchorage Alaska 99509


"Dear Mr. Keenan:


"Attached is a copy of the contract and specification s which will form the agreement between World Christian Broadcasting Corporation and the contractor who will perform the work of restoring our fire damaged building.


"As you know two contractors are bidding on this work: Mr Talley Moon of Anchorage, and Mr. J. B. White of Anchorage. Each of these contractors submitted an itemized and priced list of tasks which they proposed to do to restore the building. In our opinion neither of these lists were fully complete. Therefore we thought it expedient to write a set of specifications (copy enclosed) so that each firm might be bidding on the same thing. Copies of these specifications have been transmitted to each firm and each has been asked to re-state or re-do his proposal in accordance with the specifications.


"It is our intention to invite the contractor who proposes to fulfill these specifications at the lowest price to sign the attached contract and immediately start work on the restoration job.


"If either of these contractors is not fully acceptable under the terms of our insurance claim please telephone me immediately (907-235-7289 home, 907-235-8262 office) and follow the telephone call with a letter of explanation. As we discussed when you visited Anchor Point I am accepting the proposals of these two contractors with the understanding that our employment of either of them will be satisfactory to the insurance company.


"We would like to offer the successful bidder a progress payment at midpoint in this contract. However we will not be able to make such a payment without the agreement of the insurance company to supply the funds for the payment. Please let me know as soon as possible the terms upon which the insurance company will make 50% progress payment towards our claim.


"Sincerely yours,


"Francis M Perry

Director of Engineering

cc: Dr Robert E. Scott, President."

_______________________________________________________


The next letter is from F. M. To Mr. Talley Moon, successful bidder on the contract to restore the partially burned building:


“Please reply to:

P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

15 February 1983


“Mr. Talley Moon, General Contractor

SRA Box 1569B

Anchorage, Alaska 99507


“Dear Mr. Moon:


“Your proposal to restore our fire damaged building in accordance with the work outlined in our specifications of Feb. 11, 1983 for a lump sum of $103,125.85 has been conveyed by telephone to Dr. Robert E. Scott, President of World Christian Broadcasting Corporation in Abilene, Texas. He has authorized me to invite you to come to Anchor Point and sign a contract which will then be sent by air express to Abilene for Dr. Scott's signature.


“Dr. Scott has authorized me to ask you to start work immediately if you are willing, pending receipt of the fully signed contract which may require three or four days.


“Please bring with you a certification of insurance assuring that you have Worker Compensation insurance in force for all present or future employees, and General Liability insurance with limits of at least $300,000 per occurance.. The certificate of insurance must state that the above mentioned insurance will not be cancelled without 30 days prior written notice to World Christian Broadcasting Corporation during the term of the contract.


“Please telephone me at your earliest convenience (at 235-7289 home or 235-8262 office) to let me know when we will see you in Anchor Point.


“Sincerely,


Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering

cc: Dr. Robert E. Scott, President

Mr. D. T. Keenan, General Adjuster.”

____________________________________________________


The next letter is from the WCBC Washington attorney notifying the FCC that there would be little or no change in schedule due to the fire:


“LAW OFFICES

FISHER, WAYLAND, COOPER AND LEADER

1100 CONNECTICUT AVENUE, N. W.

Washington, D. C, 20036

February 16, 1983


“William J. Tricarico, Secretary

Federal Communications Commission

1919 M Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20554


“Re: International Broadcast Station KNLS

Anchor Point, Alaska

File No. BPIP-811023 MI


“Dear Mr. Tricarico:


“Transmitted herewith on behalf of our client, World Christian Broadcasting Corporation, permittee of Station KNLS, Anchor Point, Alaska, is a frequency-hour request for the September/October 1983 period.


“As we have previously advised the Commission, a fire destroyed a substantial portion of the studio/transmitter building a few weeks ago. We have been informed that restoration of the damaged portion of the facility has been scheduled to begin this week. It is estimated that 35 to 40 days will be required to complete the restoration work and that assembly of the transmitter within the building will commence on or about March 25, 1983.


“World Christian anticipates that field strength testing may be commenced in late April or early May 1983. Program tests should be started on schedule in July 1983.


“Please direct any questions or correspondence concerning this matter to this office.


“Very truly yours,


“Larry A. Blosser


“cc: Mr. Charles H. Breig, FCC.”

 ____________________________________________________


While arrangements were being made to restore the partially burned building, other business of construction continued in Anchor Point without ceasing. Following is a letter giving financial predictions for the major contracts at Anchor Point:


“KNLS - WCBC

P O Box 473

Anchor Point Alaska 99556

11 Feb. 1983


“Dear Bob:


“Attached is my latest forecast of funds we will be needing in the Homer bank account. Here are some specific comments about payments that will have to be paid in the next two months (February and March). The total of very essential items on which I have commented below is $226,130.00. The total for Feb. and March from the budget sheet is $321,000.00. Expenses could go to the higher figure but I expect bills will lag a week or so behind actual completions and purchases so that the actual cash needed through the end of March may be less than the $226,130 figure. However by the end of March the $226/130. will be committed.


“13234 Salaries Management -Perry. Chambers, Ragland @6500/month 13,000.00


“13235 Board & Room Volunteers -Vic Hall and H. L. Peterson may come up before the end of March. We ,need to pay Vic s air fare. Mr. Peterson will pay his own expenses. March cost 500.00.


“13240 Cabin completion -put in electric heat, connect up plumbing, purchase refrigerator, lay floor covering (make fully ready to accept occupants) 700.00.


“13255 Mobile home expenses -we have made $1,000.00 down payment.

13256 on unit in Anchorage. Remainder of purchase price is 11,750.

13257 This amount plus moving and foundation, etc. (interior refurbishment) $19,000.00.

 

“13261 Antenna foundation design -$15,000 charge from TCI was submitted to you in Abilene. I assume it has been paid. Additional costs rom Mike Tauriainen have not been billed in over 6 months. called him today to get estimate of bill -bill will cover soil tests made several months ago, plus design work and consulting work on earth anchors and guy attachment design. Bill may be as high as $25.000.00.


“13263 Antenna foundation construction -work complete except testing of four earth anchors - awaiting repair of Roderick's tractor (which was vandalized)in order to make final tests. We have paid $59 750.00. Expect additional bills for additional contracted work and extras not covered by contract 11) 250.00.


“13265 Antenna & Transmission line erection -contract awarded for tower erection and $9,665.00 paid. -Additional due by, about 2/28/83 will be $26, 980.00. Due by 3/31/83 will be 60,000.00. These bills plus additional labor to raise antennas will be about $ 106.980.00


“13274 Transmitter Bldg -Bills for materials already purchased 8,700.00

13275

13276


“13277 Transmitter Bldg Heating -Connect transmitter duct work to bldg heating system duct work -enable us to heat bldg with excess heat from transmitter. Hope to complete during rebuilding of fire damage 2,000.00.


“13281 RF ducts for RF transmission lines in bldg -These are being prefabricated at Harris Corp. I assume the $14,000.00 cost for fabrication is being applied to Harris bill to your office in Abilene. I estimate cost to install may be 1,000.00.


“13285 Transmitter Installation & Test -March cost (there will be 1,000.00 additional cost in April)


“13288 Studio & Test Equipment -Purchases through Ken Kretzer from firms in San Francisco area (much is used equipment). Does not include approx $24,000 worth of equipment to be ordered new 12,000.00 from Harris Corp. I 'm trying to find time to get this order in the mail to Harris. Will send you full copies as this will be added to Harris order for payment from Abilene. There will be some additional orders thru Ken in April.


“13295 Fence materials -now being sawed and must be paid for as delivered week by week. Net cost after selling logs 7,000.00. Estimated to construct fence -we will want to drill holes for fence posts, and install posts this winter - Will use volunteers to nail boards to posts and work can go on into summer. $10,000.00.


“13297 Office furniture -We have bought 3 tables and 6 chairs -I have not yet made estimate of the remainder of furniture required.


“Propagation analysis by Dr. Hunsucker -now being done 600.00.


“Salaries and moving expenses of permanent staff -needs to be budgeted. See Perry to Scott letter on this subject.


“Salaries of security guards -2 guards on 8 hour shifts, 7 days per week @ $7.50 per hour (total for month $3700.) for Feb. & Mar. 7,400.00.


“TOTAL $226,130.00


“For other possible expenses see budget sheet. Possible total $321,059.00


“Note: I usually forget something. Running this job with many things going at once is like having a bear by the tail.


“Believe, me - we will hold down expenses as much as possible consistent with doing a first class job.


“F. M. Perry


“P. S. Fire damage repair will run $96,000 (probably will give contract to Talley Moon). Assume payments will be made directly from Insurance Company to Talley. He would like one progress payment on this contract. Please check insurance company to make sure they will pay as soon as work is done to satisfaction.”

_______________________________________________________________


The next letter from Bob Scott to F. M. tells about Bob’s first contact with Real Peloquin. [Real became a full time employee who, 23 years later, is still employed, now at the Operations Center of World Christian Broadcasting in Franklin, Tennessee]:


“KNLS, The ‘New-Life’ Station

World Christian Broadcasting Corporation

P.O. Box 3857

Abilene.. Texas 79604.

915-698-0695

February 23,1983


“Mr. F.M. Perry

Box 473

Anchor Point, AK 99556


“Dear F.M.,


“Pardon my delay in getting this contract back to you. It arrived in the whirl of much activity. I also delayed it a day because the bank was closed on Monday. I had hoped to include the $26,980 check you need for South Central Communications.


“However, a major gift did not arrive yesterday as it was promised. The provider of it will mail it to us tomorrow. As quickly as it is here, I'll send along those funds and the money needed to get on with the mobile home. I'll plan to wire it to our bank in Homer.


“We had a good Board meeting. Everyone was appreciative of your outstanding service at Anchor Point. We continue to pray for you and those working with you. Your roles are vital to our outreach with the gospel.


“Tomorrow we have a major conference on progrannning. It promises to help us move along rapidly toward our objective.


“I had a phone call from a church in California regarding a man by the name of Real Peloquin. He has 10 years experience in broadcasting, but not as an engineer. He is interested in a possible role as a technician. Brethren there are likely to provide for his financial needs as a single person. I visited with him on the phone and learned he had polio as a child. One of his legs is in a brace but he is mobile and eager to help. We're sending him an application and will check out the references he gives.


“Brotherly,


“Robert E. Scott

Enclosure.”

________________________________________________


March 1983 -


At this point in time the antenna tower foundations had been completed and two of the four towers had been erected. The final two (taller) towers were under construction. And the earth anchors to be used for guy wire anchors for the towers were all in place. A contractor for the actual installation of the antennas between the towers and the construction of the transmission lines was being sought. However, F. M. and Kevin Chambers finally decided that the Anchor Point crew of employees and volunteers would be able to rig the antennas and raise them into place and the search for a contractor to do the final work was abandoned. F. M. was surprised to receive a letter from T.C.I., the antenna manufacturer, taking the position that “we must disclaim any product liability, as well as any incidental or consequential damages resulting from installation or erection work undertaken by WCBC or your contractor.” The disclaimer was due to the fact that WCBC was using earth anchors instead of concrete anchors for guy wire anchoring, the integrity of which TCI could not vouch. TCI’s letter follows:


“TCI, TECHNOLOGY FOR COMMUNICATIONS INTERNATIONAL

8 March 1983


“Mr. F. M. Perry

World Christian Broadcasting Corporation

P.O. Box 473 -

Anchor Point, AK 99556


“Subject: TCI Model 611 HRS Dipole Curtain Antenna Furnished on TCI S.O. 5378, Anchor Hardware/Design


“Dear Mr. Perry:


“This is with further reference to our various telephone discussions recently concerning the anchor equalizer plates. I believe you received from Mansour the plate thickness, hole size and other information you requested. The following memo was sent to me by Mansour and the data is noted here for the record.


"This is to confirm the equalizer plate dimensions for Model 611 tower guys as was discussed by telecon on February 28 with Mr. F. M. Perry:


“(Ref. TCI Drawing 087-TWR-OOT, Sheet 2)

(1) Detail 1 : Plate thickness = 1-3/8 in-.

(2) Details 2,3,4: ~late thickness = 1 in. '


“The following conditions apply:


“(A) Max. allowable hole diameter = 1-3/4 in.

(B) Min. distance of any hole center to plate edge = 2-1/2 in.

(C) Min. distance between centers of any 2 adjacent holes = 4 in.

(D) Plate material shall be ASTM A36 steel.

(E) These plates are designed for direct rigid connection to anchor rods, to provide proper transfer of guy loads to the anchor rods.

(G) On detail 1, A 7/8 in. shackle shall be used between the turnbuckles and equalizer plate for each of the lowest 2 guys (25m and 19-8 wires)."


As Mansour mentioned to you on the phone, he is somewhat concerned about the lack of a more thorough analysis of the stress loads on the anchor system. The following quotes his memo to me and spells out this concern more fully.


" ‘For large towers and heavy loads as is the case with Model 611 towers, TCI has traditionally used guy anchors which have a single anchor rod at each anchor point. The interface between the guys and anchor rod is provided by an equalizer plate which is welded to the rod.


“‘WCBC, for logistics reasons, have used screw-in earth anchors. Due to the magnitude of survival loads and to provide required safety factors, 2 and sometimes 3 anchors have been used at each anchor point. The guys going to each point are attached to an equalizer plate which in turn is attached to the earth anchors by wire rope slings.


‘’TCI engineering has repeatedly expressed their concern to WCBC and their consulting engineer regarding this arrangement and requested to see engineering analysis of this design. TCI's concern stems from the fact that even if the static loads in all anchor rods at each point are equalized (as will be done in this case), the distribution of the loads under dynamic (wind) conditions may not be equal. This may lead to one anchor being subjected to more than its designed share of loading while others are not taking their design loads, causing the overloaded anchor to fail.


“‘WCBC's consulting engineer has assured TCI that as soon as one anchor starts to yield, loads will get redistributed and other anchor rods will start carrying their fair share of the load. This may very well be true but should be proved by analysis.’


“In view of the above I am sure you can appreciate TCI's position in that we must disclaim any product liability, as well as any incidental or consequential damages resulting from installation or erection work undertaken by WCBC or your contractor. Please refer to paragraph four, section seven of the enclosed "Terms and Conditions of Sale" which apply to all TCI sales.


“While we do not anticipate problems in this area, I am sure you are aware of the position taken by our legal people on this matter. I am also required to forward a copy of this letter to Harris Corporation since they are our customer of record.


“Sincerely,


“Owen E. Thompson

Applications Engineer


“Enclosure: TCI "Terms and Conditions of Sale"

cc: Harris Corporation.”

_____________________________________________________


F. M. sent a copy of this letter to the consulting engineer, Mike Tauriainen, with comments as follows:


“Please reply to:

P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

14 March 1983


“Mr. Mike Tauriainen, P. E.

Consulting Engineer

Box 937

Soldotna, Alaska 99669


“Dear Mike:


“Enclosed is a copy of a letter which we recently received trom TCI, the manufacturer of our 611 antenna. As you can see from the letter, TCI has disclaimed any product liability for possible damages from faulty installation undertaken by us or our contractor. Of course, the disclaimer is a part of the terms and conditions of their sale, anyway, as printed in their "boiler plate". However, it is rather disconcerting to have them specifically disclaim the design of our earth anchor system because of 'lack of an analysis.'


"I feel that a proper 'analysis' has been made. It needs only to be recorded in a formal report. I am a little concerned that our Texas insurance agent may refuse to insure the tower installations should he learn of this specific TCI disclaimer.


"If we are required to provide design analysis information to the insurance company (and we may very well be required to do just that) it would consist of the basic documented TCI tower and antenna design as well as the earth anchor and guy attachment design.


"Would you please provide to us a report of th e design procedure and analyses you and Mr. Harry Lee have done for us. I can collect the proper drawings to go with the report.


"I have requested funds for the payment of your fees and expenses from our Abilene office. At least a partial payment will be forthcoming soon. Please go ahead and forward to us your itemized bill.


"It has been a pleasure working with you. We will undoubtedly have further opportunity to work together as we expand our antenna sytem in the future.


"Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering

cc: Dr. Robert E. Scott, President."

_______________________________________________________


During March 1983 activity at the job site in Anchor Point was probably at its highest level. Consequently, the expenditure of funds was probably also at its highest level. Bob Scott had set up a bank account at the Bank of Alaska branch in Homer on which F. M. could write checks to pay contractors hired at the local level and for the purchase of needed items in Alaska. It was F. M.’s job to keep Bob informed about what would be needed in advance so that Bob could have proper funds in the account when the bills came due. From F. M.’s view point it worked well. The money was always ready in the bank when needed. There was never a hold up in activity for need of funds. As fast as F. M. could spend funds, Bob was able somehow to supply funds. (As F. M. looks back on Bob Scott and the Board of Directors’ performance in supplying funds when needed, it seems phenomenal. There undoubtedly were some times when Board Members reached into their own personal accounts or resources to supply funds on time. The only explanation F. M. has ever heard from Bob Scott was the Lord was faithful in answering prayer.)


Following is a letter from F. M. to Bob concerning funds:


“P. O. Box 473

 Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

11 March 1983.


“Dear Bob,


“Just a line about funds. The $50,000 you wired on 3/7/83 went to pay outstanding bills as follows:


“1. South Central Commun. 1st progress payment $26,980

2. South Central Commun. Extra material to attach to Earth Anchors. 658

     Model 516 Ant.

3. Alaska Associated Realty, closing on mobile home. 11,750

4. Dr. Hunsucker, Propagation Analysis. 624

5. Debenham Electric, monthly bill for electrical supplies already 1,391

     delivered.

6. Spenard Builders Supply, monthly bill for material already delivered. 835

7. Clifford Jones, Sr., lumber for fence. 1,157

8. Reynolds Equipment Co., tools to raise antennas (winches, blocks, 3,368

     wire rope, safety equipment).

9. Anchor Point Trader, monthly bill for material already delivered. 30

10. Harris Corp., down payment on transmitter control equipment. 1,000

11. Graybar Electric, electrical supplies already delivered. 47

12. Miscellaneous for minor tools, freight 72

13. Michael Little, cut timber along fence line. 70

                                                                                                                           ____

                                                                                                   Total $47,982


“We have an NBA bank balance of $5,535.00 which I am reserving for the March 15 payroll.


“I now have outstanding bills on hand, which must be paid soon as follows: (or commitments which are now being expended by contractors.)


“1. South Central Communication. Extra material to attach 611 14,000

antenna to earth anchors. (South Central is having these parts fabricated

for us and will need reimbursement very soon - before 3/30/83.)


“2. Denali Drilling - Extra work not in contract to complete earth 6,615

anchor testing.


“3. Mike Tauriainen, bill for services for past year. (Mike has kept 14,600

his bill under good control and has minimized it. I had expected a

possible $25,000 cost. Mike is making a specific contribution for

$1,700 -already deducted from bill. I’ll write details of this to you.)


“4. Oil for heating in February. 291


“5. TCI, extra parts ordered and received by air. 144


“6. Paul Roderick, bulldozer work on antenna field - completed. 1,922

“7. Moving of mobile home (preparation and transportation.) 1,500

(must pay by 3/25/83).


“8. Payroll 3/31/83, Night Watchman, approx. 1,700

      Kevin, Dick and F. M., approx. 2,650


“9. Electric Bill 300


“10. Craig’s Garage and Kinder Enterprise (for gas, oil, etc.) 300


“11. Clifford Jones, additional lumber for fence. 1,000


“12. Accurate Sound, Studio equipment, already paid 50% - remainder 5,400

due when shipped.


“13. Telephone bill. 300


“14. Miscellaneous (petty cash, etc.) 500


“15. Stove and Refrigerator, used, for Cabin, already ordered, approx. 600

                                                                                                               ___________

                                  Total to be paid by 3/31/83 $51,822


“Early in April, if not before, we need to buy some furniture (including washer, dryer) for the mobile home and cabin. Also need funds to build foundation for mobile home. The Hookers probably will not be able to get into the mobile home until mid-April.


“Left out of estimate of cash needed in near future is money to pay transportation of Vic Hall and money to feed other volunteers expected in late March or early April.


“Send what you can as soon as you can.


“F. M.”

________________________________________________


Mr. Lavoy Hooker, a retired radio engineer, and his wife Jewell, volunteered to come to Alaska from their home in Oklahoma to work with F. M. and the KNLS crew. During this time in March 1983 they were rooming with F. M. and Charlotte in the rented house on Old Sterling Road. It was decided to get a mobile home set up on the KNLS site and that the first tenants would be Mr.and Mrs. Hooker. Pat McMahon, member of the WCBC Board of Directors living in Anchorage, arranged the purchase of a used mobile home and it’s transportation down the Sterling Highway to Anchor Point. See the following letter from Pat McMahon:


“March 10, 1983


“F. M. Perry

P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556


“Dear F. M.:


“Enclosed is title for house trailer. It will be vacated by March 25 or before. Mr. Robbins will call me if he sees it will be vacated before March 25. We did get the $2500 donation and I have mailed that on to Bob.


“Let me know how else I can help.


“Sincerely yours,


“Pat McMahon


“P. S. I talked with Lynn Wolf in Fairbanks today. He is expecting you to make a report on WCBC at the Lectureship. Hope you can make it.”


___________________________________________________


Applications were received from three volunteers: Charles R. Coulston, William L. Goldsmith, and Paul R. Prunty. They were members of the Redwood City (California) Church of Christ where William Stevens serves as one of the elders. (Mr. Stevens and his family had provided housing for F. M. for several days during F. M.’s trip to California in 1982.)


This same letter was written to Mr. Coulston and Mr. Goldsmith, as well as to Mr. Prunty:


“World Christian Broadcasting Corporation

P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

Telephone 907-235-7289 (home)

16 March 1983


“Mr. Paul E. Prunty

644 Concho Dr.

Fremont, California 94539


“Dear Brother Prunty:


“Thank you very much for your application and offer to come to Anchor Point to help us in the construction of the WCBC international short wave broadcasting station.


“We would like very much to have you working with us during the period you indicated in your application (on or about April 11 until April 25). Our treasury of donated funds will not allow us to cover your transportation expenses from California to Anchor Point and return. However, we will be able to provide facilities in a cabin on WCBC property for you to live along with two or three other volunteer workers (possibly Brothers Coulston and Goldsmith of the Redwood City Church of Christ). There are cooking facilities in the cabin for you to prepare meals. Those of us who live here will want to have you in our homes for meals part of the time.


“If you are able to provide or raise your own transportation expense, please come on up to Anchor Point. I suggest you get airline tickets straight through to Kenai, Alaska (about 70 miles from Anchor Point) where we will meet you. If you should desire to stop over in Anchorage for a day or two (coming or going), such a ticket will allow that.


“In addition to assemb1ying our transmitter inside the building, we will be erecting an antenna, building one mile of wood fence, etc. It would be helpful if you could bring some foot gear that will be mud proof (rubber boots are best), and some wet weather clothing. If we don't have sunshine, we are apt to have rain rather than snow in April. There may still be some ice and snow in the woods.


“Let us know your reservations as soon as possible.


“Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering.”

_____________________________________________________________


April 1983 -


This month is best remembered as the time when the rebuilding of the transmitter building was completed and the transmitter itself (Harris 100,000 watt) was delivered to the station site. Arrangements had been made some months before (by the Harris Corp.) for an Alaskan trucker to drive down from Alaska to Quincy, Illinois to pick up the transmitter and bring it back. The trucker, with his wife in the cab with him, had departed Alaska during the winter to drive down the Alcan Highway. Some where along the highway they had a terrific accident and one of them had to be hospitalized. They were unable to complete the pickup and delivery of the transmitter. Harris Corp. then arranged for a different trucker in the “lower 48" to make the shipment. The transmitter arrived at site in two huge crates in late April.


Also the month of April marked the arrival of two volunteers, Lavoy Hooker from Oklahoma and Herbert Peterson from Washington, DC, both retired radio engineers, to help assemble the transmitter and get it to working.


Some thing else happened during April which sparked an article in the Homer News that caught the attention of the KNLS workers. The Universal Life church in Clam Gulch, Alaska (just a few miles from Anchor Point) had planned to invite five Alaska bands to a music festival in a state gravel pit on July 4, 1983. The church was planning for 10,000 to 20,000 rock fans to come to the Kenai Peninsula for the concert. The Borough of Kenai turned down the church’s application to hold the concert on the grounds that music festival would be a “noxious, injurious, or hazardous use” of State land.


The last word about “noxious, injurious, or hazardous land use” had been at the public hearing at Anchor Point in September 1982 when F. M. had testified that WCBC’s use of land for a short wave radio station would not be “noxious, injurious, or hazardous.” The Homer News reporter decided to make a tenuous connection between the two occasions with the following newspaper article and cartoon:




ole.gif




The elevation of each earth anchor was measured with surveying equipment by Kevin Chambers. This was done so that we could check these elevations later and determine that the earth anchors had remained stationary after the guy cables were connected and stress was applied to them (a precautionary measure.) A chart showing the elevation of each earth anchor on April 20, 1983 follows on page 217:

 




knlsbook,part102.gif



May 1983 -


The following letter to Bob Scott from F. M. gives a good account of the progress of the short wave radio station project at the beginning of May 1983:


“P O Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

2 May 1983


“Dear Bob,


“Enclosed is a copy of a rather inflammatory cartoon which appeared in the latest issue of Homer News. Last week the April 21 Homer News reported that the Kenai Borough Assembly turned down a request from the Universal Life Church to hold a rock concert on State land. The grounds for turning down the request had to do with "noxious, injurious or hazardous" land use. In the April 28 issue the cartoonist, recalling the hearing involving WC BC and "noxious, injurious and hazardous "land use, decided to "stir the pot" a little. There have been no newspaper comments or letters to the editor since the hearing (except news of the fire). I'm hoping that the subject will die and no one will reply in the letters column to the cartoon.


“The "Proof of Loss" papers finally arrived from Mr. David Keenan, insurance adjuster. Although you have already received the settlement from the insurance company, I signed the papers, had them notarized, and sent them back to Mr. Keenan. I did not tell him that the claim has already been settled. (Copies of the "Proof of Loss" papers are attached. )


“I have reconstructed the time-table concerning the fire and the re-building schedule as you requested. A copy is attached.


“I am very happy to announce that Richard Ragland has accepted our offer of permanent employment. He is presently supervising certain of the construction tasks. He could do much better salary wise somewhere else and he has offers. But he and his wife have chosen to sacrifice in order to have a part in this work. Dick has the potential to be a general manager of a station operation and/or to be in charge of a construction project ( a new station or expansion of the Alaska project).


“Vic and Jan Hall are here now making active plans to move to the area. They are looking at houses to buy or rent and Jan is interviewing for teaching jobs in the public schools. They will return to California in a few days to return for permanent residence in mid-August. I have made no definite job offer to Vic except to let him know that salaries for engineers will be limited to about $2000 per month. I would like to make a definite offer to have him start work in mid-August. I await your authorization to do so.


“We have invited the Harris field engineer (for whom we have contracted) to arrive about May 15. We will be ready to turn on the transmitter then. We'll let him check over the entire installation and then check out the operation with us. In the meantime we will be assembling and hauling up the large 611 antenna. It's hard to estimate how long it will take. But we plan to be testing the antenna system (fed by the transmitter) and running the power density tests around our fence line during the last half of May.


“We should be ready for full scale program tests by July 18. We already have FCC permission to start then and program tests should merge right in to regular programming.


“The Lord is with us. How else could everything fall in line so smoothly except the Lord be with us. We really appreciate your efforts to keep the funds flowing to us. We know that it is not easy. The Hookers finally moved into their mobile home. They don't have much furniture but do have full equipment in kitchen and laundry and a comfortable bed to sleep on. We had to re-work almost everything in the home. I think we still have a bargain, however.


“Time-Table of Fire Damage and Rebuilding of Transmitter Building.


“Jan 31, 1983 Date of fire

Feb 1, 1983 Investigation at scene by Cpl Tandeske and Arson Specialist

                            from Anchorage, Alaska State Troopers.

Feb 3, 1983 Inspection of damage by Mr. David Keenan, GAB Business

                            Services, insurance adjuster.

Feb 4, 1983 Inspection of damage and gatherint of data to prepare re- construction bid by J. B. White General Contractors,

Feb 8, 1983 Inspection of damage and gathering of data to prepare re-

                           construction bid by Talley Moon, Contractor.

Feb 11, 1983 F. M. Perry, Director of Engineering, WCBC, completed

                           specifications for bid re-construction work. Sent copies

                           to J. B. White and Talley Moon by Air Express.

Feb. 14, 1983 Received final bid from Talley Moon by Air Express. $103,125

Feb, 15, 1983 Received final bid from J. B. White by Air Express. $126,646

Feb. 16, 1983 Discussed bids with Mr. David Keenan. He had copies of both bids. Announced to Mr. Keenan that WC BC would award bid for reconstruction contract to Talley Moon. Mr. Keenan did not object.

Feb. 17, 1983 Awarded contract to Talley Moon. Contract signed this date.

Feb. 21, 1983 Talley Moon started work to restore building. Telephoned Mr. David Keenan and gave him full list of items destroyed in fire.

March 25, 1983 Re-construction of building completed. Talley Moon departed

                            site. Notified Mr. David Keenan by telephone that work was completed. Asked him to expedite all necessary paper work to complete the insurance settlement.

Apr. 18, 1983 On this approximate date received call from Mr. David Keenan saying he was ready to process papers to complete claim. I asked him to expedite. He promised to send necessary papers for me to sign and notarize by Air Express.

Apr. 28, 1983 Package of papers received by Air Express at Homer Airport

            & nbsp;              (copies attached). I signed and had signatures notarized and re-mailed papers to Mr. Keenan same day.


“Francis M. Perry

World Christian Broadcasting Corporation

Director of Engineering.”

_____________________________________________________


The staff (part time volunteers and permanent staff) during May include the following people:


Paul Prunty and Roy Goldsmith (radio technicians) arrived from California in mid-April. (Charles Coulston, who had planned to come with them had to cancel at the last minute.) Paul and Roy stayed two weeks, returned to California, then came back for two more weeks.


Victor and Janet Hall arrived in late April. They are planning to establish their home in Anchor Point. Jan seeks a job teaching school and Vic is scheduled to be a KNLS engineer.


Lavoy and Jewell Hooker (Lavoy is retired radio engineer) arrived in April and lived for a while at F. M. and Charlotte’s house. Later they moved into a mobile home at the station site.


Herbert Peterson, a retired radio engineer from the U. S. Air Force, flew up to Alaska from Washington, DC on a military flight and stayed several weeks.


Scheduled to arrive soon to fill a permanent engineer slot is Steve Lockwood, son of Germaine (Jim) Lockwood.


Also scheduled to arrive soon to be a temporary volunteer technician is David W. Johnson from Mississippi.


Permanent members of the staff recruited from Anchor Point residents are Kevin Chambers, Engineer, and Richard Ragland, Engineer. Both of these men have already been serving as supervisors of various construction work.


Miss Susan Ledger and Mrs. Ann Bailey, both Anchor Point residents, have been employed to do administrative work from time to time. F. M.’s wife Charlotte and Lavoy Hooker’s wife Jewell have helped with cooking and housekeeping chores for visiting volunteers.


Nash Huerta, from Tucson, Arizona, was the volunteer supervisor for the foundation and early construction of the transmitter/studio building. He had already returned home at this time.


At this time, May 1983, the antenna towers are up ready to have the curtain antennas strung up. The prefabricated antennas and associated material is on hand. The transmitter/studio building is complete. The transmitter and associated equipment has arrived. The completed cabin is housing volunteers and a mobile home is ready to serve as a home for part of the staff.


Tasks that are being accomplished during May 1983 are erection of the antennas, assembly of the transmitter, and construction of the fence and warning signs around WCBC property (around the “hazardous” antenna radiation).


The following letter from F. M. to Bob Scott gives insight to things going on in May 1983:


“May 10, 1983,


“Dear Bob,


“Enclosed is correspondence I have had with David W. Johnson, a student at the University of Southern Mississippi and a former student at Freed-Hardeman College.


“It looks as though we could get his services at KNLS this summer for transportation plus a small salary. I’m interested in him because he might become a permanent employee. The hiring of students during the summer may be a good way to build a permanent staff.


“Concerning the fence, it looks like it might become a limiting item in going on-the-air in July. It is required by the FCC Construction Permit and, therefore, must be finished before regular transmissions are started. For this we could use more summer help. The cabin could house four boys. The two girls who are coming will probably stay with us in our house. We are expecting Greg Perry, of course. Perhaps a couple more men capable of doing fence carpentry work (not easy work) could be used.


“Roy Goldsmith and Paul Prunty, who were here for two weeks earlier this year, will be back next week for two more weeks. They pay their own expenses except housing and meals while here, and require no salary. They were very good workers with great interest in the work. We will use them in assembling and hauling up the 611 antenna.


“If I remember correctly, in our last telephone conversation, you expressed agreement that we offer a position of engineer to Victor Hall. He has shown great ability and willingness while with us these last few weeks. He brought his wife up at his own expense and made an extra trip himself at his own expense. They are planning to move up from California about August 15. I gave him the enclosed job offer today.

  


“I received another phone call today from Mr. Johnathon Marks, English Section, Radio Netherlands, PO Box 222, Hilversum, 1200JG, Netherlands. You will recall that he interviewed me by telephone a couple of months ago. He carried the information as a news item over Radio Netherlands at that time. He said he had received 'a lot' of response to the item and a number of people would like to listen for us, even when we are running tests. He said if I would send him a little tape excerpt of our test signal with our station identification announcement, he would run it over Radio Netherlands to give listeners a sample of what to listen for. If you think this is a good idea, I would like to send him that tape excerpt.


“Regarding our test signal for intensity tests, John Fisk is making up tape for it. I suggested a musical signature for the station be used for the tape - an a capella group singing the Doxology (1st verse only) in Russian, Chinese, and/or English with periodic voice announcements identifying us. I contacted the FCC and got approval to use a musical signature instead of test tones. However, John Fisk proposed instead to use the theme music from 'Chariots of Fire.' I suppose he is making up the tape now. We need the tape as soon as possible - no later than June 1. The test tapes will be heard all over the world.”


“Best wishes,


“F. M.”

__________________________________________________


Prior to this time all correspondence with the FCC had been with the Washington, D. C. office. The following letter is to the FCC Engineer-in-Charge in Anchorage, Alaska:


“Please reply to:

P.O. Box 473

Anchor Point, AK 99556

May 6,1983


“Mr. James E. Sutherland

Engineer-in-charge

Federal Communications Commission

P.O. Box 2955

Anchorage, Alaska 99510


“Dear Mr. Sutherland:


“We are rapidly approaching the time when we will be ready to submit our final FCC license application. Installation of the transmitter and the two antennas should be complete by June 1, 1983. Field strength tests required by our Construction Permit should be completed by June 7, 1983. We plan to submit the final FCC license application along with the results of the field strength tests. We hope to receive authorization to start program tests by July 18, 1983.


“Enclosed is a copy of our proposed procedure for the field strength tests.


“We would be pleased to have you or your representative visit us at our station site in Anchor Point.


“Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering


“cc: Dr. Robert E. Scott.”

____________________________________________________


In order to do the required “Field Strength Tests,” a sensitive and accurate portable RF field strength meter was required. After searching for some time for a meter that might be borrowed or rented, we found at the last minute that we would have to purchase our own meter. Following is the letter order for the meter, requesting air delivery:


“Please reply to:

P.O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

14 May 1983


“Mr. Burton Gran

Holaday Industries, Inc.

14825 Martin Drive

Eden Prairie, MN 55344


“Dear Mr. Gran:


“This is our purchase order for the following:


“1 each Model HI 3001 Isotropic Broadband Field Strength Meter as described on data sheet dated 6/1/81, equipped for use with optional magnetic field probe described below:


“1 each Model 8TH-01 Magnetic Field Probe as described on Bulletin 030-4 dated 2/5/82.


“In accordance with the prices quoted in your letter of 12/29/82, we are enclosing our check in the amount $3,190.00 for the above items. Please ship the items as soon as possible via air express to:


“F. M. Perry

World Christian Broadcasting Corporation

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556


“Hold at Homer, Alaska 99603 airport for pickup by Mr. Perry.

Please telephone Mr. Perry upon arrival of shipment at Homer airport.

Business telephone 907-235-8262; Home telephone 907-235-7289


“It would be appreciated if Holaday Industries, Inc. would prepay the air express charges to Homer, Alaska and then bill us for the charges.


“Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering


“cc: Dr. Robert E. Scott.”

__________________________________________________


Occasionally, due to misunderstanding between geographically widely separated workers, things went wrong. In the letter which follows F. M. tries to get a shipment of electronic test equipment forwarded to Alaska which a “helper” in the “lower 48" had mis-directed to Lubbock, Texas. Lubbock, Texas was a place where the Programming Staff under the direction of John Fisk had arranged to have some KNLS programming produced.


“Please reply to:

P.O. Box 473

Anchor Point, AK 99556

May 20,1983


“Mr. John Fisk

Director of Programming

World Christian Broadcasting Corp.

2861 Sourek Road

Akron, Ohio 44313


“Dear John:


“Attached is a list of items (on Invoices C1582 and C1584) which I ordered from Accurate Sound Corporation in February 1983. In talking with Ken Kretzer by telephone yesterday I learned that he had these items diverted and shipped to Lubbock, Texas for use in the studio there! Ken now suggests that the items will not be needed in Lubbock because arrangements have been made (or can be made) to have the Lubbock studio equipment maintained by a local electronics firm. I think Ken also feels that there is no one in the Lubbock studio with time to do troubleshooting or maintenance.


“On the other hand, we need these items in Anchor Point and, if we do not get them back from Lubbock we will have to repeat the order.


“Please note the following:


“1. Items on Invoice C 1583 cost a total of $2,489.19. I paid Accurate Sound Corp. $1,244.60 (or 50%) of this amount on submission of the order on 2/7/83. The balance of $1,244.60 was to be paid to Accurate Sound Corp. upon shipment of the items. Ken says the items have been shipped to Lubbock. Have you made the $1,244.60 payment?


“2. Items on Invoice C 1584 (3 each 19" Relay Racks and 2 each 19" Patch Bays) cost $675.00. I paid Accurate Sound Corp. $337.50 (or 50%) of this amount on submission of the order on 2/7/83. The balance of $337.50 was to be paid to Accurate Sound Corp. upon shipment of the items. Ken says the items have been shipped to Lubbock. Have you made the $337.50 payment?


“3. Many of these items are urgently needed here in Anchor Point and I did not know until yesterday that they had been diverted. I know that this is not your fault. Ken should not have diverted them without my permission (and I probably would not have given permission). How can we get then as soon as possible? The items on Invoice C 1582 are probably not very heavy. Would you please have them packed carefully and shipped via air freight to us. The items on Invoice C 1584 (Relay Racks and Patch Bays) are heavy and may be quite expensive to ship via air. Would you please check the air freight cost for these and ship them also if they are not too expensive.


“I have tried to be very prompt in making payments to Accurate Sound Corp. They are a very valuable firm to have assisting us. We may need fast service from them from time to time after we get on-the-air. Please confirm to us as soon as possible that these items are in Lubbock and let me know if payment has been made.


“Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering


“cc; Dr. Robert E. Scott, Abilene

Mr. Homer Harris, Lubbock.”

_________________________________________________


What will it cost to keep KNLS going on-the-air daily? F. M. tried to put some numbers together for Bob Scott in the following letter:


“May 25, 1983


“Dear Bob:


“Here is an operating budget for the next year. I am assuming we will go on the air July 18 as planned. We will require just over $32,000.00 per month. The budget is tentative, of course. We don't have any experience on which to base it. Perhaps you can make some improvements in it.


“Between July and Nov. 6 we will be on the air 7 1/2 hrs per day or 225 hrs per month. This means that on-air time will cost us approximately $142.00 per hour.


“From Nov. 6 to Mar. 5 we will be on the air 13 hrs per day or 390 hrs/month. These hours will cost approximately $82.00 per hour.


“To these costs must be added the production costs to make and provide tapes. Also you may want to consider a cost to provide for future capital expenditures.


“Following are some thoughts concerning expenses versus hours on the air per day:


                                       TOTAL TRANSMITTER

ON-AIR TIME OPERATION COSTS COST PER HR


13 hrs per day Electricity-$7,000/mo. $82/hr.

390 hrs/month Personnel & other costs-

                                       $25,000/mo.


16 hrs per day Electricity-$8,615/mo. $70/hr.

480 hrs/month Personnel & other costs-

                                      $25,000/mo.


“It is probably not feasible to run a single transmitter over 16 hours per day.


“Tape production costs will probably rise linearly with increased hours. I would think that the per-hour cost of tape production would remain fairly constant once some efficient facilities are set up.


“Hope these figures and remarks are helpful.


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering.”

____________________________________________________


June 1983 -


Following is a letter from the transmitter manufacturer, the Harris Corporation, concerning training of KNLS staff personnel in transmitter maintenance;


“HARRIS CORPORATION BROADCAST DIVISION

P.O. BOX 4290

QUINCY,IL 62305


“June 1, 1983


“Mr. F.M. Perry

Director of Engineering

World Christian Broadcasting Corporation

P.O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556


“Dear Mr. Perry,


“Thank you for your telephone conversation today regarding your technical staff's attendance in a SW-100A short-wave transmitter technical education program to be conducted in Quincy, Illinois.


“As we discussed, an October time frame for the school will best fulfill your educational requirements. I will contact you in mid-September to finalize the class arrangements.


“It is unfortunate that your staff will be unable to attend at an earlier date as most transmitter ma1fuctions are likely to occur within the first few months of operation and could result in down-time. Technical education will not prevent failures but will allow for faster trouble diagnosis. As well, a good understanding of transmitter operating parameters will help determine possible problem areas before they become serious. Small problems can be perceived as a large problem without the proper equipment understanding.


“Mr. Perry, thank you for your interest in Harris Corporation to fulfill your broadcasting requirements. I have enclosed a 'Who to Call' list for your information. Please do not hesitate to let me know if I can further assist you in this or any broadcast situation.


“Sincerely,


“Jack O'Dear

Marketing Analyst

ENC:”

______________________________________________________


In May Bob Scott received a letter from a Church of Christ congregation desiring to purchase time to air taped programs over KNLS. They desired to air some Russian language programs over the “Far East” beam (270 or 285 degree beam) and the “Central Siberian” (300 degree beam) and “Western Siberian” (330 degree beam) beams. Also they desired to air tapes in the Russian and Swedish languages over the “European Antenna” (the log periodic antenna at 0 degrees - over the north pole). At this time F. M. had limited experience in dealing with the FCC in arranging schedules for frequencies, languages, and target zones. In as much as the beams and languages for broadcasting had already been requested of the FCC for the time when these requests were desired, F. M. felt that it was too late to accommodate these requests exactly as requested. (Later F. M. was to realize that the FCC was flexible and changes in schedules might be arranged at the last minute by using telephone requests directly to certain FCC officials.) F. M.’s first letter dealing with such a last minute request follows:


“P.O. Box 473

Anchor Point, AK 99556

June 6, .1983


“Dr. Robert E. Scott, President

World Christian Broadcasting Corp.

P.O. Box 3857

Abilene, 'Iexas 79604



“Dear Bob,


“In our frequency-hour applications to the FCC, which must be submitted more than six months prior to the start of each broadcast season, we must state the target zones, languages, and hours of broadcasting. After the application is submitted, we should not request the FCC to change it without important reason. Consequently, any customer desiring to purchase time for a broadcast to a zone or in a language not already covered by our FCC application must wait until we can cover his request in a new application.


“We have already submitted applications covering our broadcasting schedules through March 5, 1984. Copies of the schedules are attached.


“Following are my comments concerning the five 15 minute programs for which Mr. Lockwood requested quotation:


“1. We did not request and therefore we are not authorized to broadcast on a Far East Beam. We can make application to use this beam during future seasons after March 5, 1984. This beam is directed toward Japan and Korea and covers Far Eastern Siberia as well.


“2. We are authorized to broadcast on a beam to China in the Chinese language. This beam also covers Central Siberia (Yakutsk Region). Perhaps we could get FCC permission to change some of the Chinese language programming to Russian language.


“3. We are authorized to broadcast to Western Siberia (Novosibirsk, Omsk, Sverdlovsk Regions) and could accept programming beginning July 18, 1983.


“4. We are authorized to broadcast to the European USSR and could accept programming July 18, 1983.


“5. Although we are authorized to broadcast to Europe in the Russian language, we do not have authorization to broadcast in the Swedish language. Perhaps we could get FCC permission to change some of the Russian language programming to Swedish.



“In July 1983 we must prepare and submit our FCC frequency-hour application for the Spring Season (March 6, 1984 through May 6, 1984). Now is the time to determine what the make-up of that programming will be.


“Sincerely,


“F. M. Perry.”

____________________________________________________


A very useful piece of furniture, a sectional sofa, was presented as a gift to KNLS for use in the visitors cabin (see following letter):


“Please reply to:

P.O. Box 473

Anchor Point, AK 99556

June 28,1983


“Homestead Supply Co.

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556


“Gentlemen:


“We gratefully acknowledge your gift of a sectional sofa for use in our visitor's cabin at radio station KNLS. We understand the value of the sofa is $89.95 (as marked in your showroom).


“World Christian Broadcasting Corporation is a non-profit religious broadcasting organization existing only through the generous gifts of friends like you. Thank you so much for your gift.



“Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering.”

____________________________________________________


At this point in the construction schedule work was in progress on antenna curtain assembly and raising of the curtain into place. The fence around the antenna field was being completed. The finishing touches were being put on transmitter assembly. The construction of the planned transmitter control console was not started yet. Kevin Chambers had volunteered to construct this console himself. (He is an experienced cabinet maker.) For the present tests the transmitter control equipment was being temporarily mounted and operated in packing cases.


The following letter to the FCC Officer in Charge in Anchorage indicated that everything was on schedule to start tests and station operation.


“Please reply to:

P.O. Box 473

Anchor Point, AK 99556

June 20,)983


“Engineer In Charge

Federal Communications Commission

P.O. Box 2955

Anchorage, Alaska 99510


“Dear Sir:


“In accordance with the FCC Rules and Regulations governing construction of an International Broadcast Station, conduction of Equipment Tests, and conduction of Program Tests, we wish to notify you as follows:


“1. We have been authorized informally by the FCC to conduct equipment tests to confirm compliance with our Construction Permit (copy enclosed). We have submitted a Field Intensity Test procedure (copy enclosed) to the FCC and intend to proceed with the field intensity tests on/about June 23, 1983.


“2. All requirements of the Construction Permit should be complete by July 1, 1983. At that time we will be submitting FCC Form 310. (draft copy enclosed).


“3. Program tests are scheduled to start July 18, 1983 to merge into regular programming during subsequent seasons. We have already submitted Frequency-Hour requests to the FCC for summer, fall, and winter seasons through March 5, 1984 (copies attached).


“Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering


“cc: Dr. Robert E. Scott, President

Attachments.”

______________________________________________________


July 1983 -

   

CONSTRUCTION OF INTERNATIONAL SHORT WAVE RADIO STATION KNLS COMPLETED JULY 1, 1983.


F. M. reported to the FCC that the construction of international short wave radio station KNLS was completed on July 1, 1983.


The first time for KNLS to go on the air was for the running of field intensity tests on July 13, 1983. F. M. had hoped to have a special taped announcement ready with A Capella singing as a test signal to go out over the air during the tests. But, alas, the request for such a tape didn’t reach the programming people in the “lower 48" in time. So on the morning of the tests F. M. quickly looked around for suitable background music which could be used as a test signal. An A Capella rendition of the spiritual “Go tell it on the mountain, that Jesus Christ is born” was found. F. M. made up a short tape to be repeated over and over again with a line of that music and his own voice giving station identification. That was the first signal to go forth to the world from KNLS.


Emotions ran high that morning among the staff of volunteer workers for it was an historic occasion. At the makeshift console a single tape recorder repeated the test tape over and over again for several hours while field intensity readings were being taken along the mile long perimeter of the fence around the antenna field. Several leaders of DX enthusiasts clubs had already telephoned to find out when we would first be on-the-air, having gotten word somehow that a new short wave station was starting up. Then telephone calls came through, first from California and then from New Zealand, congratulating us that our signal was clear and strong.

The field intensity tests were completed using the new (just ordered for air delivery) field strength meter. F. M. made the measurements carrying the portable field strength meter with Duanne Hollingsworth, a new employee, assisting. They walked around the perimeter of the fence making field strength measurements every few feet. They were delighted to find the RF radiation at the perimeter of the fence and beyond almost negligible, far below the safety limits suggested by ANSI (the American National Standards Institute).

  

The following letter to Attorney Larry Blosser carries the report:


“KNLS The New-Life Station

Please reply to:

P O Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

12 July 1983


“Mr. Larry Blosser, Attorney

Fisher, Wayland, Cooper and Leader

1100 Connecticut Avenue, N. W.

Washington, D. C. 20036


“Dear Mr. Blosser:


“Please refer to our letters to you of May 6 and May 19, 1983 and your letter to Dr. Robert E. Scott of June 3, 1983 concerning field intensity measurements and FCC license application.


“We had some minor difficulties in completing our antenna system which has resulted in about one month's delay in getting to the field intensity measurements. When the antenna installations were finally complete we were more than pleased at the high efficiency of propagation achieved.


“The field intensity measurement data and conclusions are attached. They show that the RF radiation at the perimeter of the antenna field fence and beyond is almost negligible, being far below the safety limit suggested by ANSI.


“You may now fill in the final blanks on our FCC License Application (FCC Form 310). The question in Item I, "Is the station now in satisfactory operating condition and ready for regular operation? " may be answered "Yes". The construction of station KNLS was completed on July 1, 1983.


“Reviewing the special conditions of the Construction Permit:


“1. The fence around the KNLS antenna field is complete.


“2. The antennas and transmission lines have been constructed as proposed in our FCC application except as explained in our letter of May 19, 1983. (That is, top lighting of the two smaller 145' towers has not been constructed.)


“3. The "Radio Frequency Radiation Hazard Warning" signs have been posted at approximate 200 foot intervals around the perimeter of the fence.


“4. The field intensity measurements required by the Construction Permit have been completed and the measurement data are attached.


“5. There have been no complaints of blanketing interference although there have been reports of pick-up and detection of our test signals on both AM and FM home receivers in the community. We are ready to lend assistance to anyone in the community who has a reasonable complaint of blanketing interference.


“You may now post the following calibration data in Item 5 of the License

Application:


                    DATA ON CALIBRATION OF FREQUENCY


           Date & time Method Used


  1. June 20,11:45 AM Freq. Counter calibrated to WWV


  2. June 21, 11:50 AM "


  3. July 4,9:24 AM "


  4. July 5, 1:20 PM "


         Frequency Measured Monitor Reading


  1. 9,690,000 Hz (assigned) 9,690,100 Hz (100 Hz high)


  2. 9,690,000 Hz (assigned) 9,690,105 Hz (105 Hz high)


  3.11,940,000 Hz (assigned) 11,940,020 Hz (20 Hz high)


  4.11,940,000 Hz (assigned) 11,939,990 Hz (10 Hz low)


“This completes all necessary information for our FCC License Application. We trust you will be able to submit it to the FCC almost immediately. Although it appears that we will not be able to commence program tests on the originally planned date of July 18, 1983 because of the tardiness of our submission, we are ready to start continuous daily broadcasts as soon as the FCC grants permission.


“We have a full staff at KNLS ready to start operations on the attached program schedule which has already been approved by the FCC.


“Please telephone me at KNLS (703-235-8262) as soon as the FCC gives the 'go-ahead.'


“Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering


“cc: Dr. Robert E. Scott, President.

____________________________________________________


The following letter from F. M. To Bob Scott gives a list of the salaried permanent employees during July or soon to be hired in August 1983.


“July 15, 1983.


“Dear Bob,


“Here is the salary schedule that KNLS employees are getting (or which I propose for those not yet working):


                     EMPLOYEE GROSS PER MONTH


   General Manager - Francis M. Perry

   Chief Engineer - Kevin K. Chambers

   Engineer - Victor P. Hall (to start August 15)

   Engineer - Stephen S. Lockwood

   Engineer - Lowell E. Mann (to start August 15)


   Chief Program Technician - Richard D. Ragland

   Program Technician - Real K. Peloquin

   Program Technician - Susan M. Ledger

   Program Technician - Duanne A. Hollingsworth

   Program Technician - Charles R. Perry (to start August 15)


“Total Gross Salaries $17,483.00


“Net Salaries after Deductions $15,000.00


“Comments:


“Lowell E. Mann has offered to work for minimum, for nothing if he doesn’t have too many expenses. I suggest we pay him $2,000.00 per month and let him make whatever donation he desires. [Mr. Mann was a retired radio engineer. Mr. and Mrs. Mann drove up the Alcan Highway to Alaska from their home in Ohio intending to spend a long time working at KNLS if Mr. Mann could find a suitable doctor to give him continued treatments for a disability. He was unable to make suitable health arrangements so he and Mrs. Mann felt they had to return to Ohio because of health concerns after only a few weeks in Alaska. F. M. And Charlotte visited with them in their home in Ohio a few years later. Shortly after that Mr. Mann passed away. FMP]


“Real K. Peloquin is now making $800 per month. If he stays on through the winter and works full time (as I’m sure he will) he will deserve to get $1,300.00 per month. [Real had suffered Infantile Paralysis as a child and suffered a permanent disability having to wear a brace on one leg for the rest of his life. He had been a successful 'Disk Jockey' at a Southern California radio station. Real manned the transmitter console during the field intensity tests, making him the first Program Technician to put KNLS on-the-air in July 1983. Real now (in 2006) works as a Program Technician in the Operations Center for World Christian Broadcasting at Franklin, Tennessee recording programs for KNLS. He has the longest continuous employment record with World Christian Broadcasting than anyone except Kevin Chambers. FMP]


“Susan M. Ledger is a very valuable employee able to do typing, payroll, book-keeping, and many other “house-keeping” duties. She has a lot of initiative. When she starts shift work as a Program Technician she should have a raise. [Susan is a local Anchor Point resident, the daughter of Don Ledger who assisted WCBC in locating the property on which KNLS is built and in finding local contractors. FMP]


“Duanne A.Hollingsworth is a very valuable employee. He can do almost anything of a “housekeeping” nature including carpentry, outside work with machinery, etc. He will be able to learn the program shift work. [Duanne and his family are local Anchor Point residents. He learned quickly to operate the transmitter control console and served as program technician on night shift work for several years. FMP]


“Charles R.Perry will work for Dick Ragland and not directly for me. (Dick is a good foreman who gets good performance out of his people.) I think Charlie will be able to do many things required at KNLS. As a draftsman, he will be valuable when station expansion starts. [Charlie is F. M. and Charlotte’s son who accompanied F. M. on his drive up the Alcan Highway. He fell in love with Alaska and wanted to move to Alaska. F. M. consulted with Bob Scott concerning whether his employment of his own son would be “out of order.” Bob allowed that F. M. might hire him if he could do the work. Charlie has now (2006) been a Program Technician at KNLS for 23 years. FMP]


“This team of people will be able to handle the expansion of KNLS whenever the Board of Directors is ready for it - add one or two transmitters, new antennas - whatever! The expansion possibilities are built into our design.


“Kevin Chambers and Dick Ragland can manage the station (together as I have set them up now, or either one of them alone.) They work together, sharing managerial and foreman duties every day. They have decided between them, with my approval, that Kevin will handle electronic engineering and technical maintenance work while Dick will handle administrative and certain outside (antenna maintenance) jobs.


“We just got a call that the program tapes just arrived at Wein Airlines. We must await a call from Mr. Blosser that the FCC license has been approved - or that we can start ‘program tests.’


“Best wishes,


“F. M. Perry.”

_________________________________________________________


In bringing KNLS on-the-air, the staff in Alaska will soon become dependent every day on the programming staff in the “lower 48" for program tapes. Although not actually on-the-air yet, in the next letter to John Fisk, Manager of Programming, F. M. is trying to get ready for future seasons in which massive amounts of program tapes will be needed at the transmitter.


“P O Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

19 July 1983


“Dear John:


“Attached are the approved frequencies for use through next March 5, 1984.


“We did not get everything we requested from the FCC. As I mentioned on the telephone yesterday, the FCC gave us 9.69 MHz for the summer season instead

of 9.62 MHz.


“But when we go into the fall season, 9.62 MHz is approved.


“When we go into the winter season, we go to 6.11 MHz except for the last 2 1/2 hours of the broadcast schedule. Then we must change to 6.185 MHz.


“Note - The English language cart with which we start the broadcasting day says we will be on 25, 31, and 49 meters. However, this is not the case and may cause listeners to look for us where we are not!


“This summer we will be on 25 & 31 meters.

This fall we will be on 31 & 49 meters.

This winter we will be on 49 meters only.


“I must have the next spring schedule requests in my hands by about August 1, 1983.


“The spring 1984 season will be March 6. 1984 through May 1. 1984.


“We are doing the propagation analysis now that will determine what frequencies to request. We will try to stick with frequencies which we have used before. But we must take what the FCC gives us.


“Summarizing my telephone requests of yesterday and adding three more requests:


“1. Please send new carts in Russian and Chinese giving the frequency changes for this summer season.


“2. Please send English Cart for ID at various times during the broadcast day.


“3. Please send new tape for Russian "The World of American Music" (2nd half hour). Our copy is partially blank.


“4. New request - Please send new English language cart to start broadcast day

which indicates are are on 25 meter and 31 meter bands only during the summer season. Will we need a new English language cart for the close of the broadcast day?

 

“5. New request - Please go ahead to make up carts for the Fall Season and Winter Season. The frequencies shown on the attached schedule should not be changed anymore. They have been approved by the FCC.


“6. New request - Please send next spring's schedule by August 1, 1983. Bob Scott may have spoken to you about it. Please identify target zones, number of hours, GMT hours of the day, and languages to be used each hour. The attached zone chart showing our beams may be helpful. After I get your input I have to put together the frequency hour request to the FCC.


“For your assistance in correlating target zones with antenna slew angles, please use the chart below as well as the target map attached.


611 ANTENNA ZONES REACHED


270 degrees (Japan) 35,45, 50, 64, 54, 51.


285 degrees (Korea) 34, 35, 44, 45, 49, 50.


300 degrees (China) 24, 25, 26, 33, 34, 43, 44, 49.


315 degrees 23, 24, 25, 26, 32, 33, 42, 43, 41.


330 degrees (Central USSR) 21, 22, 23, 30, 31, 32, 40, 41, 42.


516-3 ANTENNA


360 (0) degrees (Europe) 18, 19, 20, 27, 28, 29, 37, 38, 39.


“The best reception (strongest signa1s) will be in Japan (270 degrees), Korea (285 degrees), and China (300 degrees). The 315 degree, 330 degree, and 360 degree beams are somewhat questionable because they go through the Aurora Borealis. Note that for the next six months we are putting most of our broadcast day in the most questionable beams (330 degrees and 360 degrees).


“Sincerely,


“F. M. Perry


“cc: Dr. Robert E. Scott."

______________________________________________________


The propagation analyses upon which the frequency selections are based are done for us by Mr. Owen Thompson of TCI. Following is a letter to Mr. Thompson requesting an analysis for a future broadcast season:


“Please reply to:

P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

19 July 1983


“Mr. Owen E. Thompson

TCI

1625 Stierl1n Road

Mountain View, CA. 94043


“Dear Owen:


“It is now time for me to prepare the KNLS Frequency-Hour request to the FCC for the Spring 1984 broadcasting season. Would you please run off the following HFMUFES-3 propagation analyses for me.


“Date - April 15, 1984

Sunspot Number - 53

Minimum angle - 5 degrees

Transmitter RF Output Power -100.0 KW


“Model 611 Antenna Gain - 20 db.


“1. Paths: Anchor Point to Tokyo, Japan


“2. Anchor Point to Seoul, Korea


“3. Anchor Point to Peking, China


“4. Anchor Point to Iskutsk, USSR


“5. Anchor Point to Novosibirsk, USSR


“Model 516-3 Antenna Gain - l4 db


“6. Path: Anchor Point to Moscow, USSR


“All other variables of the analyses should be the same as on the previous ones you have done for us. We are most interested in the international broadcast bands around 6 MHz, 9.6 MHz, 11.9 MHz, and 15.4 MHz.


“Please Air Mail the analyses to me here at Anchor Point as soon as possible. As usual, I only have a limited time to get my request in to the FCC.


“You will be gratified to know that we have completed the field intensity tests required by the FCC and the EPA. The field intensities at our fence line around the antenna field were several orders of magnitude below the ANSI defined safe limits, far below expectation. The antennas (611 and 516-3) loaded beautifully at all international broadcast frequency bands (up through 15.4 MHz on the 516-3). The field intensities at 550 feet in front of the antennas and 450 feet behind the antennas are so low that we may have difficulty convincing the FCC that we made the tests correctly (A copy of our test data is attached.)


“We are about to conclude (in our conservatism) that we are highly pleased with the TCI antennas. We put them up with inexperienced people and they seem to work perfectly on the first try. There have been no more broken insulators which seems to indicate that the broken insulator was faulty before it broke. All the other insulators were installed the same way as the one that broke.


“We have a number of DX listener reports from the 'lower 48,' listeners who picked up our signals from the backside of the antennas. We have one DX listener report from Japan. Our test signals went out primarily to China and the USSR. We don't expect to get many listener reports from those countries.


“The only antenna problem we had was in trying to load the 516-3 antenna at 17,880 KHz. It would not load properly, even though we tried to readjust the feed connections in many different ways. This may not be an antenna problem, however. There is an 18,000 KHz filter in the transmission line which is probably cutting down on the output at 17,880 KHz. The energy may not be reaching the antenna. We dropped our investigation for the time being because we really do not need the 17,880 MHz frequency for the time being. The 516-3 antenna loads beautifully up to 15.4 MHz.


“Sincerely,


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering

____________________________________________________


Living arrangements for staff and volunteers were generally agreeable. At least F. M. cannot remember any complaints. However, F. M. found it was necessary from time to time to remind the staff that all funds came from free will donations and had to be used as efficiently as possible to advance the objectives of WCBC. Note the next two memos to members of the staff:


“July 20,1983


“To: Steve Lockwood

    Dave Johnson

    Real Peloquin


“As you know, a number of workers have come to Anchor Point for limited periods of time, donating their time and labor to WCBC free of charge with the understanding that WCBC will provide living quarters and food. Charlotte and I are trying to fill the need this summer by providing rooms and meals in our home for such volunteers. We submit expense accounts for reimbursement of our extra expense to WCBC periodically.


“In addition we have opened our home to some of those new employees of WCBC who have just arrived in Alaska, in order to help them get settled on their own. We enjoy doing this and are willing even to expend some of our own funds providing for them temporarily. However, we cannot fully absorb the expense ourselves nor can we bill to WCBC the expenses of salaried employees.


“For this reason we ask that each of you chip in to help us defray the cost of food. We suggest $5.00 per day for those who live at our house full time, and $3.00 per day for those who take only their evening meal with us.


“As you know, occasionally Charlotte is not able to prepare a meal and we all go together to eat at the Inn. On these occasions we ask the salaried employees to take care of their own meal checks.


“Thank you for your consideration.


“F. M. Perry

______________________________________________________


“Please reply to:

P. O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556

20 July 1983


“To: Stephen Lockwood


“From: F. M. Perry


“Subject: Cabin Rental expense.


“As you know, the cabin which you and Dave Johnson are occupying represents a sizeable investment of funds donated to WCBC for the Lord's work. We must preserve this asset for use through many future years and qet a return on the investment if we are to be good stewards of these funds.


“I have calculated that a rental charge of $150 per month for the cabin should provide the needed funds for maintenance as well as a return on the capital investment. I suggest that you and Dave decide how you two will share this expense while you are occupying the cabin. If I remember correctly, you started to occupy the cabin sometime prior to July 1, 1983. Therefore, rent should start on July 1, 1983. In the future payments should normally be made in advance on the first of each month.


“The cost of electricity (which is metered separately) and other costs of heating, telephone if provided, etc. will be extra for the account of the cabin occupant.


“We intended the cabin to provide living quarters for two people, possibly a married couple. However, surveying our staff for the next several months, the cabin should be available to you indefinitely should you desire to stay there. When Dave departs, there may or may not be another man to share the cabin with you. If we get another employee who needs bachelor living space, we will expect you to share the cabin with him.

__________________________________________________________

FCC AUTHORITY RECEIVED JULY 22, 1983, EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY. TO START 0N-AIR PROGRAMMING AT KNLS.


On the afternoon of July 22, 1983 WCBC’s Washington, DC attorney, Mr. Larry Blosser telephoned F. M. that the FCC had given authorization for KNLS to go on-the-air with regular programming, immediately if so desired. Programming for the first broadcasts were ready. An attempt was made that evening to go on-the-air, but technical difficulties were encountered. During the next day the difficulties were remedied and the first day of actual programming was July 23, 1983.


The following letter from Attorney Blosser confirms the earlier telephone call:


“LAW OFFICES .

FISHER, WAYLAND, COOPER AND LEADER

1100 CONNECTICUT AVENUE, N. W.

WASHINGTON, D. C. 20036

July 22, 1983


“Francis M. Perry

Director of Engineering

World Christian Broadcasting Corporation

P.O. Box 473

Anchor Point, Alaska 99556


“Dear Mr. Perry:


“This is to confirm our telephone conversation of this afternoon. At 4:45 pm today I received a call from Mr. Charles Breig of the FCC. He stated that KNLS has verbal authorization to go on the air effective immediately, based upon a preliminary review of the measurement data submitted. Because of the lateness of the hour, he will be unable to transmit a telegram today.


“Mr. Breig stated that he was granting authority based upon his preliminary review only. Next week, he intends to confer with the FCC Office of Science and Technology and the EPA. Should there be any unexpected discrepancies uncovered in the measurement data, he may order the station off the air pending further test or corrective action.


“Congratulations, once again!


“Very truly yours,


“Larry A. Blosser”

______________________________________________________


(To be continued.)