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PAUL'S LETTER TO THE ROMANS: OUTLINE

THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD REVEALED AND IMPARTED TO MANKIND.

The Theme. Rom. 1:16-17
"...The gospel...is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes....For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written: 'But the righteous man shall live by faith.'"

  • I. The righteousness of God is revealed through faith in the blood of JESUS CHRIST which justifies sinners who believe. Rom. 1:1- 5:11.
    • A. JESUS CHRIST called Paul to be HIS apostle to bring about obedience of faith among all the Gentiles. Rom. 1:1-15.
    • B. The gospel of CHRIST is God's power to save Jews and Gentiles (all mankind). Rom. 1:16-17.
      It has always been and continues to be true that "the righteous man shall live by faith"; that is, the righteousness of God is imputed to, and saves, everyone who has faith in God.
    • C. All have sinned and need the gospel of CHRIST, Jews and Gentiles alike. Rom. 1:18 - 3:20.
      • 1. God has given law to both Gentiles and Jews but all have sinned by breaking God's law. Rom. 1:18 - 3:18.
        • a. Since the creation of the world the wrath of God has been revealed against unrighteous men who knew God but rejected their obvious responsibilities to Him and His offered salvation through faith in Him. Rom. 1:18-32.
        • b. The Jews have broken God's special Law given to them through Moses. The Gentiles have broken God's law written in their hearts. Rom. 2:1 - 3:18.
      • 2. Law was given that both Gentiles and Jews might come to have knowledge of their sin. Rom.3:19-20.
        God's law speaks that every mouth may be closed, and all the world may become accountable to God.
    • D. All who believe are justified apart from the law through the redeeming blood of JESUS CHRIST. Rom. 3:21 - 5:11.
      • 1. The righteousness of God, although witnessed by the law and the Prophets, is revealed to mankind apart from the law through faith in JESUS CHRIST. Rom. 3:21-24.
      • 2. The righteousness of God is revealed in that God was the "justifier" of those who had faith, while at the same time God was "just" in the punishment of sin. Rom. 3:25-26.
      • 3. The fact that a man is justified by faith apart from works of law does not nullify God's law but, on the contrary, establishes it. Rom. 3:27-31
      • 4. It is through faith, not works of law, that God justifies and reckons the ungodly as righteous. Rom. 4:1-8.
        Abraham is cited as an example of one whose faith was reckoned by God as righteousness. David is cited as one who spoke of the fact that God reckons righteousness apart from works.
      • 5. Abraham's faith was reckoned as righteousness before he was circumcised in the special covenant through which God established the Jewish nation. Therefore, it was not through the righteousness of the Law that Abraham became heir of the world, but through the righteousness of his faith. Rom. 4:9-22.
      • 6. The faith of those who believe in Him who raised Jesus from the dead will, like the faith of Abraham, be reckoned to them for righteousness. Rom. 4:23-25.
      • 7. Christians have obtained through faith in JESUS CHRIST an introduction into the grace of God and can exult, even in tribulation, in hope of the glory of God. Rom. 5:1-11.

  • II. The righteousness of God is revealed through the death, burial, and resurrection of CHRIST, and sanctifies the Christian for CHRIST'S use despite the sin principle that dwells in him. Rom. 5:12 - 8:39.
    God has provided deliverance from my body of sin through the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ and makes it possible for me to walk in the Spirit and bear fruit for God.
    • A. My life in the flesh can be in Christ. Rom. 5:12 - 6:23.
      • 1. I am sinful by nature. Through Adam's disobedience the many were made sinners. We have inherited from our natural father, Adam, the propensity to sin. But I am made righteous by Christ. Through Christ's obedience the many were made righteous. Christ has extended to us the possibility to be righteous in spite of our sinful nature. Rom. 5:19-21.
      • 2. I am raised from baptism to walk in newness of life for my old self was crucified with Him. Rom. 6:1-5.
      • 3. My path of progress to my walk in newness of life consists of:
        • a. Knowing I am freed from the sin principle in my life. Rom. 6:6-10.
        • b. Reckoning myself to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus. Rom. 6:11.
        • c. Presenting the members of my body as instruments of righteousness to God. Rom. 6:12-14.
        • d. Walking in newness of life. Rom. 6:4.
      • 4. I am freed from slavery to sin resulting in my sanctification enabling me to become enslaved to God. Rom. 6:15-23.
    • B. My life in the flesh is utterly hopeless, but my life in the Spirit overwhelmingly conquers. Rom. 7:1 - 8:39.
      • 1. I was made to die to the law that I might bear fruit for God. Rom. 7:1-6.
      • 2. I find the principle (law) that evil is present in me. Walking in the flesh, I cannot please God. Rom. 7:7-25.
      • 3. Walking in the Spirit, nothing separates me from the love of God. Rom. 8:1-39.
        • a. The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set me free from the law of sin and of death. Rom. 8:1-4.
        • b. In the flesh I cannot please God. Rom. 8:5-8.
        • c. My mortal body is given life through the Spirit of Christ who indwells me. Rom. 8:9-11.
        • d. Being led by the Spirit of God, I become a son of God. Rom. 8:12-17.
        • e. I can bear the sufferings of this present time because I eagerly await my adoption as God's son. Rom. 8:18-25.
        • f. Being led by the Spirit of God, He causes all things to work for my good. Rom. 8:26-30.
        • g. I overwhelmingly conquer through Him who loved me. Rom. 8:31-39.

  • III. The righteousness of God throughout history is revealed in His dealings with the Jews. Rom. 9:1-11:36.
    • A. The Israelite history illustrates God's righteous principles. The rejection of the gospel by Israel does not indicate the word of God has failed. Rom. 9:1 - 10:15.
      • 1. It is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but the children of promise. Rom. 9:1-13.
      • 2. The potter has a right over the clay. God's mercy does not depend on man. Rom. 9:14-23.
      • 3. Gentiles are called as well as Jews. Rom. 9:24-26.
      • 4. But only a remnant will be saved. Rom. 9:27-29.
      • 5. Pursuit of righteousness by law rather than by faith results in stumbling over the stumbling stone. Rom. 9:30-33.
      • 6. Salvation of the Jews depends on their subjecting themselves to the righteousness of God. That righteousness establishes Christ as the end of the law. Rom. 10:1-7.
      • 7. Whoever will call upon the name of the Lord will be saved. There is no distinction between Jew and Greek. Rom. 10:8-13.
      • 8. God has always provided His preachers to answer the call of both Israelites and Gentiles so they could hear, believe, and be saved. But Israel has rejected the preachers. Rom. 10:14-21.
    • B. God has not rejected the Jews as a whole. A remnant have always accepted God's gracious choice of them. Rom. 11:1-10.
    • C. God is still carrying out His plan to save Jews. Rom.11:11-36.
      • 1. God makes Jews jealous by offering His salvation to Gentiles as well. Rom. 11:11-14.
      • 2. God will graft Jews back into His tree if they will believe. Rom. 11:15-24.
      • 3. God has shut up in disobedience both Jews and Gentiles that He might show mercy to all. His mercy will result in the salvation of all the children of promise (all Israel). Rom. 11:25-36.

  • IV. The righteousness of God is revealed in the transformed lives of those in the body of Christ. Rom. 12:1 -15:14.
    My transformed life in Christ will be acceptable to God.
    • A. I prove what is the will of God by my transformed life. Rom. 12:1-2.
    • B. I prove what is the will of God by exercise of my individual allotment in the body of Christ. Rom. 12:3-8.
    • C. I prove what is the will of God by exercise of Christ-like love to overcome evil with good. Rom. 12:9-21.
    • D. I prove what is the will of God by my transformed life's attitude toward the world. Rom. 13:1-14.
      • 1. My attitude toward civil government. Rom. 13:1-7.
      • 2. My attitude toward my neighbor. Rom. 13:8-10.
      • 3. My attitude toward the works of darkness. Rom.13:11-14.
    • E. I prove what is the will of God by my transformed life's attitude toward the church. Rom. 14:1 - 15:14.
      • 1. My attitude toward my brother's opinions. Rom. 14:1-4.
      • 2. My attitude toward my Lord who judges all. Rom. 14:5-15.
      • 3. My attitude toward serving Christ in the kingdom of God. Rom. 14:16 -15:14.
        • a. Let us build up one another and not tear down the work of God. Rom. 14:16 - 15:6.
        • b. Accept one another just as Christ has accepted us. Rom. 15:7-14.

  • V. The righteousness of God is revealed in the transformed life of Paul in Christ Jesus. Rom. 15:15-27.
    • A. Grace was given to Paul from God to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles. Rom. 15:15-21.
    • B. Serving the saints Paul said "I will come to you in the fulness of the blessing of Christ". Rom. 15:22-29.
    • C. Paul said "Strive together with me in your prayers". Rom.15:30-33.

  • VI. The righteousness of God is revealed in Paul's salutations and benedictions. Rom. 16:1-27.
    • A. Greet one another with a holy kiss. Rom. 16:1-16.
    • B. God will soon crush Satan. Rom. 16:17-20.
    • C. My fellow workers greet you. Rom. 16:2124.
    • D. To the only wise God be the glory forever. Rom. 16:25-27.

    (This outline was taken from the book, "God's Righteousness Revealed," a commentary on Romans by F. M. Perry.)

    © 2002, F. M. Perry

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